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MySQL optimizer: ANALYZE TABLE and Waiting for table flush

 | February 27, 2013 |  Posted In: MySQL

The MySQL optimizer makes the decision of what execution plan to use based on the information provided by the storage engines. That information is not accurate in some engines like InnoDB and they are based in statistics calculations therefore sometimes some tune is needed. In InnoDB these statistics are calculated automatically, check the following blog […]

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How to create/restore a slave using GTID replication in MySQL 5.6

 | February 8, 2013 |  Posted In: MySQL

MySQL 5.6 is GA! Now we have new things to play with and in my personal opinion the most interesting one is the new Global Transaction ID (GTID) support in replication. This post is not an explanation of what is GTID and how it works internally because there are many documents about that: http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.6/en/replication-gtids-concepts.html One […]

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Logging Foreign Key errors

 | September 27, 2012 |  Posted In: MySQL

In the last blog post I wrote about how to log deadlock errors using Percona Toolkit. Foreign key errors have the same problems. InnoDB only logs the last error in the output of SHOW ENGINE INNODB STATUS, so we need another similar tool in order to have historical data. pt-fk-error-logger This is a tool very […]

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Logging Deadlock errors

 | September 19, 2012 |  Posted In: Insight for Developers, MySQL

The principal source of information for InnoDB diagnostics is the output of SHOW ENGINE INNODB STATUS but there are some sections that are not very useful. For example, LATEST DETECTED DEADLOCK only shows, as the name implies, the latest error detected. If you have 100 deadlocks per minute you will be able to see only […]

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How to lag a slave behind to avoid a disaster

 | September 11, 2012 |  Posted In: MySQL

MySQL Replication is useful and easy to setup. It is used for very different purposes. For example: split read and writes run data mining or reporting processes on them disaster recovery Is important to mention that a replication server is not a backup by itself. A mistake on the master, for example a DROP DATABASE […]

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Filling the tmp partition with persistent connections

 | August 6, 2012 |  Posted In: MySQL

The use of tmpfs/ramfs as /tmp partition is a common trick to improve the performance of on-disk temporary tables. Servers usually have less RAM than disk space so those kind of partitions are very limited in size and there are some cases were we can run out of space. Let’s see one example. We’re running […]

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New variable slave_max_allowed_packet for slave servers

 | July 24, 2012 |  Posted In: MySQL

One month ago I wrote about how a big read_buffer_size could break the replication. The bug is not solved but now there is an official workaround to ease this problem using a new configuration variable: slave_max_allowed_packet This new variable will be available in 5.1.64, 5.5.26, and 5.6.6 and can establish a different limit on the […]

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Find unused indexes

 | June 30, 2012 |  Posted In: Insight for DBAs, Insight for Developers, MySQL, Percona Software

I wrote one week ago about how to find duplicate indexes. This time we’ll learn how to find unused indexes to continue improving our schema and the overall performance. There are different possibilites and we’ll explore the two most common here. User Statistics from Percona Server and pt-index-usage. User Statistics User Statistics is an improvement […]

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