Index of files created by PXC¶
These files contain binlog events in ROW format representing the failed transaction. That means that the slave thread was not able to apply one of the transactions. For each of those file, a corresponding warning or error message is present in the mysql error log file. Those error can also be false positives like a bad
DDLstatement (dropping a table that doesn’t exists for example) and therefore nothing to worry about. However it’s always recommended to check these log to understand what’s is happening.
To be able to analyze these files binlog header needs to be added to the log file. To create the
GRA_HEADERfile you need an instance running with
NONEand extract first 120 bytes from the binlog file:
$ head -c 123 mysqld-bin.000001 > GRA_HEADER $ cat GRA_HEADER > /var/lib/mysql/GRA_1_2-bin.log $ cat /var/lib/mysql/GRA_1_2.log >> /var/lib/mysql/GRA_1_2-bin.log $ mysqlbinlog -vvv /var/lib/mysql/GRA_1_2-bin.log /*!50530 SET @@SESSION.PSEUDO_SLAVE_MODE=1*/; /*!50003 SET @OLD_COMPLETION_TYPE=@@COMPLETION_TYPE,COMPLETION_TYPE=0*/; DELIMITER /*!*/; # at 4 #160809 16:04:05 server id 3 end_log_pos 123 Start: binlog v 4, server v 5.7.12-5rc1-log created 160809 16:04:05 at startup # Warning: this binlog is either in use or was not closed properly. ROLLBACK/*!*/; BINLOG ' nbGpVw8DAAAAdwAAAHsAAAABAAQANS43LjEyLTVyYzEtbG9nAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAACdsalXEzgNAAgAEgAEBAQEEgAAXwAEGggAAAAICAgCAAAACgoKKioAEjQA ALfQ8hw= '/*!*/; # at 123 #160809 16:05:49 server id 2 end_log_pos 75 Query thread_id=11 exec_time=0 error_code=0 use `test`/*!*/; SET TIMESTAMP=1470738949/*!*/; SET @@session.pseudo_thread_id=11/*!*/; SET @@session.foreign_key_checks=1, @@session.sql_auto_is_null=0, @@session.unique_checks=1, @@session.autocommit=1/*!*/; SET @@session.sql_mode=1436549152/*!*/; SET @@session.auto_increment_increment=1, @@session.auto_increment_offset=1/*!*/; /*!\C utf8 *//*!*/; SET @@session.character_set_client=33,@@session.collation_connection=33,@@session.collation_server=8/*!*/; SET @@session.lc_time_names=0/*!*/; SET @@session.collation_database=DEFAULT/*!*/; drop table t /*!*/; SET @@SESSION.GTID_NEXT= 'AUTOMATIC' /* added by mysqlbinlog */ /*!*/; DELIMITER ; # End of log file /*!50003 SET COMPLETION_TYPE=@OLD_COMPLETION_TYPE*/; /*!50530 SET @@SESSION.PSEUDO_SLAVE_MODE=0*/;
This information can be used for checking the MySQL error log for the corresponding error message.
160805 9:33:37 8:52:21 [ERROR] Slave SQL: Error 'Unknown table 'test'' on query. Default database: 'test'. Query: 'drop table test', Error_code: 1051 160805 9:33:37 8:52:21 [Warning] WSREP: RBR event 1 Query apply warning: 1, 3
In this example
DROP TABLEstatement was executed on a table that doesn’t exist.
- Percona Database Performance Blog: All You Need to Know About GCache (Galera-Cache)
This file is used as a main writeset store. It’s implemented as a permanent ring-buffer file that is preallocated on disk when the node is initialized. File size can be controlled with the variable
gcache.size. If this value is bigger, more writesets are cached and chances are better that the re-joining node will get IST instead of SST. Filename can be changed with the
This file contains the Galera state information.
version- grastate version
uuid- a unique identifier for the state and the sequence of changes it undergoes.For more information on how UUID is generated see UUID.
seqno- Ordinal Sequence Number, a 64-bit signed integer used to denote the position of the change in the sequence.
0when no writesets have been generated or applied on that node, i.e., not applied/generated across the lifetime of a
-1is a special value for the
seqnothat is kept in the
grastate.datwhile the server is running to allow Galera to distinguish between a clean and an unclean shutdown. Upon a clean shutdown, the correct
seqnovalue is written to the file. So, when the server is brought back up, if the value is still
-1, this means that the server did not shut down cleanly. If the value is greater than
0, this means that the shutdown was clean.
-1is then written again to the file in order to allow the server to correctly detect if the next shutdown was clean in the same manner.
cert_index- cert index restore through grastate is not implemented yet
Examples of this file look like this:
In case server node has this state when not running it means that that node crashed during the transaction processing.
# GALERA saved state version: 2.1 uuid: 1917033b-7081-11e2-0800-707f5d3b106b seqno: -1 cert_index:
In case server node has this state when not running it means that the node was gracefully shut down.
# GALERA saved state version: 2.1 uuid: 1917033b-7081-11e2-0800-707f5d3b106b seqno: 5192193423942 cert_index:
In case server node has this state when not running it means that the node crashed during the DDL.
# GALERA saved state version: 2.1 uuid: 00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000 seqno: -1 cert_index:
gvwstate.datThis file is used for Primary Component recovery feature. This file is created once primary component is formed or changed, so you can get the latest primary component this node was in. And this file is deleted when the node is shutdown gracefully.
First part contains the node UUID information. Second part contains the view information. View information is written between
#vwend. View information consists of:
view_id: [view_type] [view_uuid] [view_seq]. -
3which means primary view.
view_seqidentifies a unique view, which could be perceived as identifier of this primary component.
bootstrap: [bootstarp_or_not]. - It could be
1, but it does not affect primary component recovery process now.
member: [node’s uuid] [node’s segment]. - it represents all nodes in this primary component.
Example of this file looks like this:my_uuid: c5d5d990-30ee-11e4-aab1-46d0ed84b408 #vwbeg view_id: 3 bc85bd53-31ac-11e4-9895-1f2ce13f2542 2 bootstrap: 0 member: bc85bd53-31ac-11e4-9895-1f2ce13f2542 0 member: c5d5d990-30ee-11e4-aab1-46d0ed84b408 0 #vwend