Compiling and Installing from Source Code

The source code is available from the Percona XtraBackup Github project. The easiest way to get the code is by using the git clone command. Then, switch to the release branch that you want to install, such as 8.0.

$ git clone https://github.com/percona/percona-xtrabackup.git
$ cd percona-xtrabackup
$ git checkout 2.4

Step 1: Installing prerequisites

The following packages and tools must be installed to compile Percona XtraBackup from source. These might vary from system to system.

Important

In order to build Percona XtraBackup v8.0 from source, you need to use cmake version 3. In your distribution, it may be available either as a separate package cmake3 or as cmake. To check which version is installed, run cmake --version and if it does report a version 3, install cmake3 for your system.

Debian or Ubuntu using apt

$ sudo apt install build-essential flex bison automake autoconf \
libtool cmake libaio-dev mysql-client libncurses-dev zlib1g-dev \
libgcrypt11-dev libev-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev vim-common

To be able to install the man pages, install the python3-sphinx package:

$ sudo apt install python3-sphinx

CentOS or Red Hat using yum

Percona XtraBackup requires GCC version 5.3 or higher. If the version of GCC installed on your system is lower then you may need to install and enable the Developer Toolset 7 on RPM-based distributions to make sure that you use the latest GCC compiler and development tools. Then, install cmake and other dependencies:

$ sudo yum install cmake openssl-devel libaio libaio-devel automake autoconf \
bison libtool ncurses-devel libgcrypt-devel libev-devel libcurl-devel zlib-devel \
vim-common

To be able to install the man pages, install the python3-sphinx package:

$ sudo yum install python3-sphinx

Step 2: Generating the build pipeline

At this step, you have cmake run the commands in the CMakeList.txt file to generate the build pipeline, i.e. a native build environment that will be used to compile the source code).

  1. Change to the directory where you cloned the percona-xtrabackup repository

    $ cd percona-xtrabackup
    
  2. Create a directory to store the compiled files and then change to that directory:

    $ mkdir build
    $ cd build
    
  3. Run cmake or cmake3. In either case, the options you need to use are the same.

Note

You can build Percona XtraBackup with man pages but this requires python-sphinx package which isn’t available from that main repositories for every distribution. If you installed the python-sphinx package you need to remove the -DWITH_MAN_PAGES=OFF from previous command.

$ cmake -DWITH_BOOST=PATH-TO-BOOST-LIBRARY -DDOWNLOAD_BOOST=ON \
-DBUILD_CONFIG=xtrabackup_release -DWITH_MAN_PAGES=OFF -B ..

More information about parameters

-DWITH_BOOST For the -DWITH_BOOST parameter, specify the name of a directory to download the boost library to. This directory will be created automatically in your current directory.
-B (–build)

|PXB| is configured to forbid generating the build pipeline for make in the same directory where you store your sources. The -B parameter refers to the directory that contains the source code. In this example we use the relative path to the parent directory (..).

Important

CMake Error at CMakeLists.txt:367 (MESSAGE): Please do not build in-source. Out-of source builds are highly recommended: you can have multiple builds for the same source, and there is an easy way to do cleanup, simply remove the build directory (note that ‘make clean’ or ‘make distclean’ does not work)

You can force in-source build by invoking cmake with -DFORCE_INSOURCE_BUILD=1

-DWITH_MAN_PAGES
 

To build Percona XtraBackup man pages, use ON or remove this parameter from the command line (it is ON by default).

To be able to install the man pages, install the python3-sphinx package.

Step 2: Compiling the source code

To compile the source code in your build directory, use the make command.

Important

The computer where you intend to compile Percona XtraBackup 8.0 must have at least 2G of RAM available.

  1. Change to the build directory (created at Step 2: Generating the build pipeline).

  2. Run the make command. This command may take a long time to complete.

    $ make
    

Step 3: Installing on the target system

The following command installs all Percona XtraBackup binaries xtrabackup and tests to default location on the target system: /usr/local/xtrabackup.

Run make install to install Percona XtraBackup to the default location.

$ sudo make install

Installing to a non-default location

You may use the DESTDIR parameter with make install to install Percona XtraBackup to another location. Make sure that the effective user is able to write to the destination you choose.

$ sudo make DESTDIR=<DIR_NAME> install

In fact, the destination directory is determined by the installation layout (-DINSTALL_LAYOUT) that cmake applies (see Step 2: Generating the build pipeline). In addition to the installation directory, this parameter controls a number of other destinations that you can adjust for your system.

By default, this parameter is set to STANDALONE, which implies the installation directory to be /usr/local/xtrabackup.

Step 4: Running

After Percona XtraBackup is installed on your system, you may run it by using the full path to the xtrabackup command:

$ /usr/local/xtrabackup/bin/xtrabackup

Update your PATH environment variable if you would like to use the command on the command line directly.

$# Setting $PATH on the command line
$ PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/xtrabackup/bin/xtrabackup

$# Run xtrabackup directly
$ xtrabackup

Alternatively, you may consider placing a soft link (using ln -s) to one of the locations listed in your PATH environment variable.

See also

man ln

To view the documentation with man, update the MANPATH variable.

Contact Us

For free technical help, visit the Percona Community Forum.
To report bugs or submit feature requests, open a JIRA ticket.
For paid support and managed or professional services, contact Percona Sales.