Enabling the server to communicate via TCP/IP¶
Most of the Linux distributions do not enable by default to accept TCP/IP connections from outside in their MySQL or Percona Server packages.
You can check it with
netstat on a shell:
$ netstat -lnp | grep mysql tcp 0 0 0.0.0.0:3306 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 2480/mysqld unix 2 [ ACC ] STREAM LISTENING 8101 2480/mysqld /tmp/mysql.sock
You should check two things:
- there is a line starting with
tcp(the server is indeed accepting TCP connections) and
- the first address (
0.0.0.0:3306in this example) is different than
127.0.0.1:3306(the bind address is not localhost’s).
In the first case, the first place to look is the
my.cnf file. If you find the option
skip-networking, comment it out or just delete it. Also check that if the variable
bind_address is set, then it shouldn’t be set to localhost’s but to the host’s IP. Then restart the MySQL server and check it again with
netstat. If the changes you did had no effect, then you should look at your distribution’s startup scripts (like
rc.mysqld). You should comment out flags like
--skip-networking and/or change the
After you get the server listening to remote TCP connections properly, the last thing to do is checking that the port (3306 by default) is indeed open. Check your firewall configurations (
iptables -L) and that you are allowing remote hosts on that port (in
And we’re done! We have a MySQL server running which is able to communicate with the world through TCP/IP.