pt-config-diff - Diff MySQL configuration files and server variables.



pt-config-diff [OPTION...] CONFIG CONFIG [CONFIG...]

pt-config-diff diffs MySQL configuration files and server variables. CONFIG can be a filename or a DSN. At least two CONFIG sources must be given. Like standard Unix diff, there is no output if there are no differences.

Diff host1 config from SHOW VARIABLES against host2:

pt-config-diff h=host1 h=host2

Diff config from [mysqld] section in my.cnf against host1 config:

pt-config-diff /etc/my.cnf h=host1

Diff the [mysqld] section of two option files:

pt-config-diff /etc/my-small.cnf /etc/my-large.cnf


The following section is included to inform users about the potential risks, whether known or unknown, of using this tool. The two main categories of risks are those created by the nature of the tool (e.g. read-only tools vs. read-write tools) and those created by bugs.

pt-config-diff reads MySQL’s configuration and examines it and is thus very low risk.

At the time of this release there are no known bugs that pose a serious risk.

The authoritative source for updated information is always the online issue tracking system. Issues that affect this tool will be marked as such. You can see a list of such issues at the following URL: http://www.percona.com/bugs/pt-config-diff.

See also “BUGS” for more information on filing bugs and getting help.


pt-config-diff diffs MySQL configurations by examining the values of server system variables from two or more CONFIG sources specified on the command line. A CONFIG source can be a DSN or a filename containing the output of mysqld --help --verbose, my_print_defaults, SHOW VARIABLES, or an option file (e.g. my.cnf).

For each DSN CONFIG, pt-config-diff connects to MySQL and gets variables and values by executing SHOW /*!40103 GLOBAL*/ VARIABLES. This is an “active config” because it shows what server values MySQL is actively (currently) running with.

Only variables that all CONFIG sources have are compared because if a variable is not present then we cannot know or safely guess its value. For example, if you compare an option file (e.g. my.cnf) to an active config (i.e. SHOW VARIABLES from a DSN CONFIG), the option file will probably only have a few variables, whereas the active config has every variable. Only values of the variables present in both configs are compared.

Option file and DSN configs provide the best results.


There is no output when there are no differences. When there are differences, pt-config-diff prints a report to STDOUT that looks similar to the following:

2 config differences
Variable                  my.master.cnf   my.slave.cnf
========================= =============== ===============
datadir                   /tmp/12345/data /tmp/12346/data
port                      12345           12346

Comparing MySQL variables is difficult because there are many variations and subtleties across the many versions and distributions of MySQL. When a comparison fails, the tool prints a warning to STDERR, such as the following:

Comparing log_error values (mysqld.log, /tmp/12345/data/mysqld.log)
caused an error: Argument "/tmp/12345/data/mysqld.log" isn't numeric
in numeric eq (==) at ./pt-config-diff line 2311.

Please report these warnings so the comparison functions can be improved.


pt-config-diff exits with a zero exit status when there are no differences, and 1 if there are.


This tool accepts additional command-line arguments. Refer to the “SYNOPSIS” and usage information for details.


Prompt for a password when connecting to MySQL.


default: yes

Compare the variables case-insensitively.


short form: -A; type: string

Default character set. If the value is utf8, sets Perl’s binmode on STDOUT to utf8, passes the mysql_enable_utf8 option to DBD::mysql, and runs SET NAMES UTF8 after connecting to MySQL. Any other value sets binmode on STDOUT without the utf8 layer, and runs SET NAMES after connecting to MySQL.


type: Array

Read this comma-separated list of config files; if specified, this must be the first option on the command line. (This option does not specify a CONFIG; it’s equivalent to --defaults-file.)


Fork to the background and detach from the shell. POSIX operating systems only.


short form: -F; type: string

Only read mysql options from the given file. You must give an absolute pathname.


Show help and exit.


short form: -h; type: string

Connect to host.


type: array

Ignore, do not compare, these variables.


short form: -p; type: string

Password to use for connection.


type: string

Create the given PID file when daemonized. The file contains the process ID of the daemonized instance. The PID file is removed when the daemonized instance exits. The program checks for the existence of the PID file when starting; if it exists and the process with the matching PID exists, the program exits.


short form: -P; type: int

Port number to use for connection.


default: yes

Print the MySQL config diff report to STDOUT. If you just want to check if the given configs are different or not by examining the tool’s exit status, then specify --no-report to suppress the report.


type: int; default: 78

Truncate report lines to this many characters. Since some variable values can be long, or when comparing multiple configs, it may help to increase the report width so values are not truncated beyond readability.


type: string; default: wait_timeout=10000

Set these MySQL variables. Immediately after connecting to MySQL, this string will be appended to SET and executed.


short form: -S; type: string

Socket file to use for connection.


short form: -u; type: string

MySQL user if not current user.


Show version and exit.


type: string; default: off

Send program versions to Percona and print suggested upgrades and problems. Possible values for –version-check:

https, http, auto, off

auto first tries using https, and resorts to http if that fails. Keep in mind that https might not be available if IO::Socket::SSL is not installed on your system, although --version-check http should work everywhere.

The version check feature causes the tool to send and receive data from Percona over the web. The data contains program versions from the local machine. Percona uses the data to focus development on the most widely used versions of programs, and to suggest to customers possible upgrades and known bad versions of programs.

For more information, visit http://www.percona.com/version-check.


These DSN options are used to create a DSN. Each option is given like option=value. The options are case-sensitive, so P and p are not the same option. There cannot be whitespace before or after the = and if the value contains whitespace it must be quoted. DSN options are comma-separated. See the percona-toolkit manpage for full details.

  • A

dsn: charset; copy: yes

Default character set.

  • D

dsn: database; copy: yes

Default database.

  • F

dsn: mysql_read_default_file; copy: yes

Only read default options from the given file

  • h

dsn: host; copy: yes

Connect to host.

  • p

dsn: password; copy: yes

Password to use when connecting.

  • P

dsn: port; copy: yes

Port number to use for connection.

  • S

dsn: mysql_socket; copy: yes

Socket file to use for connection.

  • u

dsn: user; copy: yes

User for login if not current user.


The environment variable PTDEBUG enables verbose debugging output to STDERR. To enable debugging and capture all output to a file, run the tool like:

PTDEBUG=1 pt-config-diff ... > FILE 2>&1

Be careful: debugging output is voluminous and can generate several megabytes of output.


You need Perl, DBI, DBD::mysql, and some core packages that ought to be installed in any reasonably new version of Perl.


For a list of known bugs, see http://www.percona.com/bugs/pt-config-diff.

Please report bugs at https://bugs.launchpad.net/percona-toolkit. Include the following information in your bug report:

  • Complete command-line used to run the tool
  • Tool --version
  • MySQL version of all servers involved
  • Output from the tool including STDERR
  • Input files (log/dump/config files, etc.)

If possible, include debugging output by running the tool with PTDEBUG; see “ENVIRONMENT”.


Visit http://www.percona.com/software/percona-toolkit/ to download the latest release of Percona Toolkit. Or, get the latest release from the command line:

wget percona.com/get/percona-toolkit.tar.gz

wget percona.com/get/percona-toolkit.rpm

wget percona.com/get/percona-toolkit.deb

You can also get individual tools from the latest release:

wget percona.com/get/TOOL

Replace TOOL with the name of any tool.


Baron Schwartz and Daniel Nichter


This tool is part of Percona Toolkit, a collection of advanced command-line tools developed by Percona for MySQL support and consulting. Percona Toolkit was forked from two projects in June, 2011: Maatkit and Aspersa. Those projects were created by Baron Schwartz and developed primarily by him and Daniel Nichter, both of whom are employed by Percona. Visit http://www.percona.com/software/ for more software developed by Percona.


pt-config-diff 2.1.10