Installing Percona Server on Debian and Ubuntu

Ready-to-use packages are available from the Percona Server software repositories and the download page.

Specific information on the supported platforms, products, and versions is described in Percona Software and Platform Lifecycle.

What’s in each DEB package?

The percona-server-server-5.7 package contains the database server itself, the mysqld binary and associated files.

The percona-server-common-5.7 package contains files common to the server and client.

The percona-server-client-5.7 package contains the command line client.

The percona-server-5.7-dbg package contains debug symbols for the server.

The percona-server-test-5.7 package contains the database test suite.

The percona-server-source-5.7 package contains the server source.

The libperconaserverclient20-dev package contains header files needed to compile software to use the client library.

The libperconaserverclient20 package contains the client shared library. The 18.1 is a reference to the version of the shared library. The version is incremented when there is a ABI change that requires software using the client library to be recompiled or its source code modified.

Installing Percona Server from Percona apt repository

  1. Install GnuPG, the GNU Privacy Guard:

    $ sudo apt-get install gnupg2
    
  2. Fetch the repository packages from Percona web:

    $ wget https://repo.percona.com/apt/percona-release_latest.$(lsb_release -sc)_all.deb
    
  3. Install the downloaded package with dpkg. To do that, run the following commands as root or with sudo:

    $ sudo dpkg -i percona-release_latest.$(lsb_release -sc)_all.deb
    
  4. Remember to update the local cache:

    $ sudo apt-get update
    

    Once you install this package the Percona repositories should be added. You can check the repository setup in the /etc/apt/sources.list.d/percona-release.list file.

  5. After that you can install the server package:

    $ sudo apt-get install percona-server-server-5.7
    

Note

Percona Server 5.7 comes with the TokuDB storage engine. You can find more information on how to install and enable the TokuDB storage in the TokuDB Installation guide.

The Percona Server distribution contains several useful User Defined Functions (UDF) from Percona Toolkit. After the installation completes, run the following commands to create these functions:

mysql -e "CREATE FUNCTION fnvla_64 RETURNS INTEGER SONAME 'libfnvla_udf.so'"
mysql -e "CREATE FUNCTION fnv_64 RETURNS INTEGER SONAME 'libfnv_udf.so'"
mysql -e "CREATE FUNCTION murmur_hash RETURNS INTEGER SONAME 'libmurmur_udf.so'"

For more details on the UDFs, see Percona Toolkit UDFS.

Percona apt Testing repository

Percona offers pre-release builds from the testing repository. To enable it, run percona-release with the testing argument. Run this command as root or by using the sudo command.

$ sudo percona-release enable original testing

Apt-Pinning the packages

In some cases you might need to “pin” the selected packages to avoid the upgrades from the distribution repositories. You’ll need to make a new file /etc/apt/preferences.d/00percona.pref and add the following lines in it:

Package: *
Pin: release o=Percona Development Team
Pin-Priority: 1001

For more information about the pinning you can check the official debian wiki.

Installing Percona Server using downloaded deb packages

Download the packages of the desired series for your architecture from the download page. The easiest way is to download bundle which contains all the packages. Following example will download Percona Server 5.7.10-3 release packages for Debian 8.0:

$ wget https://www.percona.com/downloads/Percona-Server-5.7/Percona-Server-5.7.10-3/binary/debian/jessie/x86_64/Percona-Server-5.7.10-3-r63dafaf-jessie-x86_64-bundle.tar

You should then unpack the bundle to get the packages:

$ tar xvf Percona-Server-5.7.10-3-r63dafaf-jessie-x86_64-bundle.tar

After you unpack the bundle you should see the following packages:

$ ls *.deb
libperconaserverclient20-dev_5.7.10-3-1.jessie_amd64.deb
libperconaserverclient20_5.7.10-3-1.jessie_amd64.deb
percona-server-5.7-dbg_5.7.10-3-1.jessie_amd64.deb
percona-server-client-5.7_5.7.10-3-1.jessie_amd64.deb
percona-server-common-5.7_5.7.10-3-1.jessie_amd64.deb
percona-server-server-5.7_5.7.10-3-1.jessie_amd64.deb
percona-server-source-5.7_5.7.10-3-1.jessie_amd64.deb
percona-server-test-5.7_5.7.10-3-1.jessie_amd64.deb
percona-server-tokudb-5.7_5.7.10-3-1.jessie_amd64.deb

Now you can install Percona Server by running:

$ sudo dpkg -i *.deb

This will install all the packages from the bundle. Another option is to download/specify only the packages you need for running Percona Server installation (libperconaserverclient20_5.7.10-3-1.jessie_amd64.deb, percona-server-client-5.7_5.7.10-3-1.jessie_amd64.deb, percona-server-common-5.7_5.7.10-3-1.jessie_amd64.deb, and percona-server-server-5.7_5.7.10-3-1.jessie_amd64.deb. Optionally you can install percona-server-tokudb-5.7_5.7.10-3-1.jessie_amd64.deb if you want TokuDB storage engine).

Note

Percona Server 5.7 comes with the TokuDB storage engine. You can find more information on how to install and enable the TokuDB storage in the TokuDB Installation guide.

Warning

When installing packages manually like this, you’ll need to make sure to resolve all the dependencies and install missing packages yourself. Following packages will need to be installed before you can manually install Percona Server: mysql-common, libjemalloc1, libaio1 and libmecab2

The following table lists the default locations for files:

Files Location
mysqld server /usr/sbin
Configuration /etc/mysql/my.cnf
Data directory /var/lib/mysql
Logs /var/log/mysql

Note

Debian and Ubuntu installation does not automatically create a special debian-sys-maint user which can be used by the control scripts to control the Percona Server mysqld and mysqld_safe services like it was the case with previous Percona Server versions. If you still require this user you must create the user manually.

Running Percona Server

The following procedure runs the Percona Server:

  1. Starting the service

    Percona Server starts automatically after installation unless the server encounters errors during the installation process. You can also manually start it by running the following command:

    $ sudo service mysql start
    
  2. Confirming the service is running

    You can verify the service status by running the following command:

    $ service mysql status
    
  3. Stopping the service

    You can stop the service by running the following command:

    $ sudo service mysql stop
    
  4. Restarting the service

    You can restart the service by running the following command:

    $ sudo service mysql restart
    

Note

Debian 8.0 (jessie) and Ubuntu 16.04(Xenial) come with systemd as the default system and service manager so you can invoke all the above commands with sytemctl instead of service. Currently, both are supported.

Uninstalling Percona Server

To uninstall Percona Server you’ll need to remove all the installed packages. Removing packages with apt-get remove will leave the configuration and data files. Removing the packages with apt-get purge will remove all the packages with configuration files and data files (all the databases). Depending on your needs you can choose which command better suits you.

  1. Stop the Percona Server service

    $ sudo service mysql stop
    
  2. Remove the packages

    1. Remove the packages. This will leave the data files (databases, tables, logs, configuration, etc.) behind. In case you don’t need them you’ll need to remove them manually.
    $ sudo apt-get remove percona-server*
    
    1. Purge the packages. NOTE: This will remove all the packages and delete all the data files (databases, tables, logs, etc.)
    $ sudo apt-get purge percona-server*