Search Results for: what is indexes in mysql

Importing big tables with large indexes with Myloader MySQL tool

Mydumper is known as the faster (much faster) mysqldump alternative. So, if you take a logical backup you will choose Mydumper instead of mysqldump. But what about the restore? Well, who needs to restore a logical backup? It takes ages! Even with Myloader. But this could change just a bit if we are able to take […]

Multiple column index vs multiple indexes with MySQL 5.6

A question often comes when talking about indexing: should we use multiple column indexes or multiple indexes on single columns? Peter Zaitsev wrote about it back in 2008 and the conclusion then was that a multiple column index is most often the best solution. But with all the recent optimizer improvements, is there anything different with […]

3 ways MySQL uses indexes

I often see people confuse different ways MySQL can use indexing, getting wrong ideas on what query performance they should expect. There are 3 main ways how MySQL can use the indexes for query execution, which are not mutually exclusive, in fact some queries will use indexes for all 3 purposes listed here.

Indexes in MySQL

MySQL does not always make a right decision about indexes usage. Condsider a simple table:

; 250001 (V1)

; 83036 (V2) (execution time = 110 ms) That is index selectivity by condition (ID1=1) is V2/V1 = 0.3321 or 33.21% It is said (e.g. book “SQL Tuning”) if selectivity over 20% then a full table […]

MySQL indexing 101: a challenging single-table query

We discussed in an earlier post how to design indexes for many types of queries using a single table. Here is a real-world example of the challenges you will face when trying to optimize queries: two similar queries, but one is performing a full table scan while the other one is using the index we […]

Peter Zaitsev hits the road for East Coast MySQL Meetup tour

Percona CEO Peter Zaitsev and Big Data guru Alexander Rubin will be speaking at Meetups along the East Coast next week with stops in Boston (May 11), New York City (May 12), Philadelphia (May 13) and Baltimore (May 14). Dubbed the “MySQL Whistle-Stop Tour” since they’ll be traveling city to city via Amtrak, Peter will […]

Optimizer hints in MySQL 5.7.7 – The missed manual

In version MySQL 5.7.7 Oracle presented a new promising feature: optimizer hints. However it did not publish any documentation about the hints. The only note which I found in the user manual about the hints is: It is now possible to provide hints to the optimizer by including /*+ … */ comments following the SELECT, […]

Indexing 101: Optimizing MySQL queries on a single table

I have recently seen several cases when performance for MySQL queries on a single table was terrible. The reason was simple: the wrong indexes were added and so the execution plan was poor. Here are guidelines to help you optimize various kinds of single-table queries. Disclaimer: I will be presenting general guidelines and I do […]

Checking table definition consistency with mysqldiff

Data inconsistencies in replication environments are a pretty common. There are lots of posts that explain how to fix those using pt-table-checksum and pt-table-sync. Usually we only care about the data but from time to time we receive this question in support: How can I check the table definition consistency between servers? Replication also allow […]

Choosing a good sharding key in MongoDB (and MySQL)

MongoDB 3.0 was recently released. Instead of focusing on what’s new – that is so easy to find, let’s rather talk about something that has not changed a lot since the early MongoDB days. This topic is sharding and most specifically: how to choose a good sharding key. Note that most of the discussion will also […]