Search Results for: select rows

Dropping unused indexes

Vadim wrote some time ago about how to find unused indexes with single query. I was working on the system today and found hundreds of unused indexes on dozens of tables so just dropping indexes manually did not look fun. So I extended Vadim’s query to generate ALTER TABLE statements automatically. I also made it […]

Fighting MySQL Replication Lag

The problem of MySQL Replication unable to catch up is quite common in MySQL world and in fact I already wrote about it. There are many aspects of managing mysql replication lag such as using proper hardware and configuring it properly. In this post I will just look at couple of query design mistakes which […]

MySQL indexing 101: a challenging single-table query

We discussed in an earlier post how to design indexes for many types of queries using a single table. Here is a real-world example of the challenges you will face when trying to optimize queries: two similar queries, but one is performing a full table scan while the other one is using the index we […]

Optimizer hints in MySQL 5.7.7 – The missed manual

In version MySQL 5.7.7 Oracle presented a new promising feature: optimizer hints. However it did not publish any documentation about the hints. The only note which I found in the user manual about the hints is: It is now possible to provide hints to the optimizer by including /*+ … */ comments following the SELECT, […]

Generated (Virtual) Columns in MySQL 5.7 (labs)

About 2 weeks ago Oracle published the MySQL 5.7.7-labs-json version which includes a very interesting feature called “Generated columns” (also know as Virtual or Computed columns). MariaDB has a similar feature as well: Virtual (Computed) Columns. The idea is very simple: if we store a column

in our table we may want to filter or group […]

Profiling MySQL queries from Performance Schema

When optimizing queries and investigating performance issues, MySQL comes with built in support for profiling queries aka SET profiling = 1; . This is already awesome and simple to use, but why the PERFORMANCE_SCHEMA alternative? Because profiling will be removed soon (already deprecated on MySQL 5.6 ad 5.7); the built-in profiling capability can only be enabled per session. This […]

Measuring the impact of tcpdump on Very Busy Hosts

A few years back Deva wrote about how to use tcpdump on very busy hosts. That post sparked my interest about exploring how to measure the impact of tcpdump on very busy hosts. In this post, I wanted to highlight how much of an impact there really is and what options you have to make the […]

InnoDB locks and deadlocks with or without index for different isolation level

Recently, I was working on one of the issue related to locks and deadlocks with InnoDB tables and I found very interesting details about how InnoDB locks and deadlocks works with or without index for different Isolation levels. Here, I would like to describe a small test case about how SELECT ..FOR UPDATE (with and without limit) behave […]

Illustrating Primary Key models in InnoDB and their impact on disk usage

On a recent engagement I worked with a customer who makes extensive use of UUID() values for their Primary Key and stores it as char(36), and their row count on this example table has grown to over 1 billion rows. The table is INSERT-only (no UPDATEs or DELETEs), and the bulk of their retrieval are PK […]