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PXC – Incremental State transfers in detail

IST Basics State transfers in Galera remain a mystery to most people.  Incremental State transfers (as opposed to full State Snapshot transfers) are used under the following conditions: The Joiner node reports Galera a valid …

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How to setup a PXC cluster with GTIDs (and have async slaves replicating from it!)

This past week was marked by a series of personal findings related to the use of Global Transaction IDs (GTIDs) on Galera-based clusters such as Percona XtraDB Cluster (PXC). The main one being the fact that …

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Multi-Valued INSERTs, AUTO_INCREMENT & Percona XtraDB Cluster

A common migration path from standalone MySQL/Percona Server to a Percona XtraDB Cluster (PXC) environment involves some measure of time where one node in the new cluster has been configured as a slave of the …

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TokuDB gotchas: slow INFORMATION_SCHEMA TABLES

We are using Percona Server + TokuDB engine extensively in Percona Cloud Tools and getting real usage operational experience with this engine. So I want to share some findings we came across, in hope it …

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InnoDB file formats: Here is one pitfall to avoid

UPDATED: explaining the role of innodb_strict_mode and correcting introduction of innodb_file_format Compressed tables is an example of an InnoDB feature that became available with the Barracuda file format, introduced in the InnoDB plugin. They can …

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Interactive Debugging of Transaction Conflicts with TokuDB

I am developing a concurrent application that uses TokuDB to store its database. Sometimes, one of my SQL statements returns with a ‘lock wait timeout exceeded’ error. How do I identify the cause of this …

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A TokuDB Stall Caused by Conflicting Transactions When Opening a Table

One of our customers reported that ‘create table select from’ statements stall for a period of time equal to the TokuDB lock timeout.  This indicated a lock conflict between multiple transactions.  In addition, other MySQL …

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How to reclaim space in InnoDB when innodb_file_per_table is ON

When innodb_file_per_table is OFF and all data is going to be stored in ibdata files. If you drop some tables of delete some data then there is no any other way to reclaim that unused …

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pt-online-schema-change and binlog_format

Statement-based or row-based, or mixed?  We’ve all seen this discussed at length so I’m not trying to rehash tired arguments.  At a high level, the difference is simple: Statement based replication (SBR) replicates the SQL …

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Benchmarking Percona Server TokuDB vs InnoDB

After compiling Percona Server with TokuDB, of course I wanted to compare InnoDB performance vs TokuDB. I have a particular workload I’m interested in testing – it is an insert-intensive workload (which is TokuDB’s strong …

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