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Optimizer hints in MySQL 5.7.7 – The missed manual

In version MySQL 5.7.7 Oracle presented a new promising feature: optimizer hints. However it did not publish any documentation about the hints. The only note which I found in the user manual about the hints …


Percona XtraBackup 2.2.10 for MySQL hot backups is now available (free!)

Percona is glad to announce the release of Percona XtraBackup 2.2.10 on March 31, 2015. Downloads are available from our download site or Percona Software Repositories. Percona XtraBackup enables MySQL backups without blocking user queries, …


MySQL’s INNODB_METRICS table: How much is the overhead?

Starting with MySQL 5.6 there is an INNODB_METRICS table available in INFORMATION_SCHEMA which contains some additional information than provided in the SHOW GLOBAL STATUS output – yet might be more lightweight than PERFORMANCE_SCHEMA. Too bad …


Log rotate and the (deleted) MySQL log file mystery

Did your logging stop working after you set up logrotate? Then this post might be for you. Some time ago, Peter Boros wrote about Rotating MySQL Slow Logs safely, explaining the steps of a “best …


MySQL Replication: ‘Got fatal error 1236’ causes and cures

MySQL replication is a core process for maintaining multiple copies of data – and replication is a very important aspect in database administration. In order to synchronize data between master and slaves you need to …


A closer look at the MySQL ibdata1 disk space issue and big tables

A recurring and very common customer issue seen here at the Percona Support team involves how to make the ibdata1 file “shrink” within MySQL. I can only imagine there’s a degree of regret by some of …


Examining the TokuDB MySQL storage engine file structure

As we know different storage engines in MySQL have different file structures. Every table in MySQL 5.6 must have a .frm file in the database directory matching the table name. But where the rest of …


Using MySQL 5.6 Performance Schema in multi-tenant environments

Hosting a shared MySQL instance for your internal or external clients (“multi-tenant”) was always a challenge. Multi-tenants approach or a “schema-per-customer” approach is pretty common nowadays to host multiple clients on the same MySQL sever. One of …


How to find bugs in MySQL

Finding bugs in MySQL is not only fun, it’s also something I have been doing the last four years of my life. Whether you want to become the next Shane Bester (who is generally considered …


Uninitialized data in the TokuDB recovery log

A TokuDB MySQL test run with valgrind reported an uninitialized data error when writing into the TokuDB recovery log.

TokuDB should not be storing uninitialized data into its files, so I need to find …