Search Results for: index usage

Indexes in MySQL

MySQL does not always make a right decision about indexes usage. Condsider a simple table:

; 250001 (V1)

; 83036 (V2) (execution time = 110 ms) That is index selectivity by condition (ID1=1) is V2/V1 = 0.3321 or 33.21% It is said (e.g. book “SQL Tuning”) if selectivity over 20% then a full table […]

InnoDB memory usage

There are many questions how InnoDB allocates memory. I’ll try to give some explanation about the memory allocation at startup. Some important constants: NBLOCKS=count of block in innodb_buffer_pool = innodb_buffer_pool_size / 16384 OS_THREADS= if (innodb_buffer_pool_size >= 1000Mb) = 50000 else if (innodb_buffer_pool_size >= 8Mb) = 10000 else = 1000 (it’s true for *nixes, for Windows […]

Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.6.24-25.11 is now available

Percona is glad to announce the new release of Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.6 on June 3rd 2015. Binaries are available from downloads area or from our software repositories. Based on Percona Server 5.6.24-72.2 including all the bug fixes in it, Galera Replicator 3.11, and on Codership wsrep API 25.11, Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.6.24-25.11 is now […]

Is 80% of RAM how you should tune your innodb_buffer_pool_size?

It seems these days if anyone knows anything about tuning InnoDB, it’s that you MUST tune your innodb_buffer_pool_size to 80% of your physical memory. This is such prolific tuning advice, it seems engrained in many a DBA’s mind.  The MySQL manual to this day refers to this rule, so who can blame the DBA?  The […]

New PERFORMANCE_SCHEMA defaults in MySQL 5.7.7

I thought it was worth a moment to reiterate on the new Performance Schema related defaults that MySQL 5.7.7 brings to the table, for various reasons. For one, most of you might have noticed that profiling was marked as deprecated in MySQL 5.6.7. So it is expected that you invest into learning more about Performance […]

MongoDB’s flexible schema: How to fix write amplification

Being schemaless is one of the key features of MongoDB. On the bright side this allows developers to easily modify the schema of their collections without waiting for the database to be ready to accept a new schema. However schemaless is not free and one of the drawbacks is write amplification. Let’s focus on that […]

Checking table definition consistency with mysqldiff

Data inconsistencies in replication environments are a pretty common. There are lots of posts that explain how to fix those using pt-table-checksum and pt-table-sync. Usually we only care about the data but from time to time we receive this question in support: How can I check the table definition consistency between servers? Replication also allow […]

The cost of not properly managing your databases

Every day hundreds of millions of dollars are wasted by allowing improperly tuned or misconfigured systems, misunderstood infrastructure, and inefficient IT operations to live and thrive in data centers around the globe. There are both direct and indirect costs associated with allowing these unhealthy systems to continue to exist. Let’s look at some. The setup: […]