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Search Results for: disk io

Aligning IO on a hard disk RAID – the Benchmarks

In the first part of this article I have showed how I align IO, now I want to share results of the benchmark that I have been running to see how much benefit can we …


Aligning IO on a hard disk RAID – the Theory

Now that flash storage is becoming more popular, IO alignment question keeps popping up more often than it used to when all we had were rotating hard disk drives. I think the reason is very …


Spreading .ibd files across multiple disks; the optimization that isn’t

Inspired by Baron’s earlier post, here is one I hear quite frequently – “If you enable innodb_file_per_table, each table is it’s own .ibd file.  You can then relocate the heavy hit tables to a different …


Making Deletions Fast, by Avoiding Disk Seeks

In my last post, I discussed how fractal tree data structures can be up to two orders of magnitude faster on deletions over B-trees. I focused on the deletions where the row entry is known …


Disk seeks are evil, so let’s avoid them, pt. 3 (Deletions)

As mentioned in parts 1 and 2, having many disk seeks are bad (they slow down performance). Fractal tree data structures minimize disk seeks on ad-hoc insertions, whereas B-trees practically guarantee that disk seeks are …


The Q&A: Creating best-in-class backup solutions for your MySQL environment

Thank you for attending my July 15 webinar, “Creating Best in Class Backup solutions for your MySQL environment.” Due to the amount of content we discussed and some minor technical difficulties faced near the end …


Update on the InnoDB double-write buffer and EXT4 transactions

In a post, written a few months ago, I found that using EXT4 transactions with the “data=journal” mount option, improves the write performance significantly, by 55%, without putting data at risk. Many people commented on …


MongoDB’s flexible schema: How to fix write amplification

Being schemaless is one of the key features of MongoDB. On the bright side this allows developers to easily modify the schema of their collections without waiting for the database to be ready to accept …


Illustrating Primary Key models in InnoDB and their impact on disk usage

On a recent engagement I worked with a customer who makes extensive use of UUID() values for their Primary Key and stores it as char(36), and their row count on this example table has grown to …


TokuDB Table Optimization Improvements

Section I: Fractal Tree and Optimization Overview Tokutek’s Fractal Tree® technology provides fast performance by injecting small messages into buffers inside the Fractal Tree index. This allows writes to be batched, thus eliminating I/O that is …