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Search Results for: deleting large tables

A closer look at the MySQL ibdata1 disk space issue and big tables

A recurring and very common customer issue seen here at the Percona Support team involves how to make the ibdata1 file “shrink” within MySQL. I can only imagine there’s a degree of regret by some of …

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Want to archive tables? Use Percona Toolkit’s pt-archiver

Percona Toolkit’s pt-archiver is one of the best utilities to archive the records from large tables to another tables or files. One interesting thing is that pt-archiver is a read-write tool. It deletes data from the …

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Reasons for run-away main Innodb Tablespace

So you’re running MySQL With innodb_file_per_table option but your ibdata1 file which holds main (or system) tablespace have grown dramatically from its starting 10MB size. What could be the reason of this growth and what …

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TokuDB Table Optimization Improvements

Section I: Fractal Tree and Optimization Overview Tokutek’s Fractal Tree® technology provides fast performance by injecting small messages into buffers inside the Fractal Tree index. This allows writes to be batched, thus eliminating I/O that is …

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How to reclaim space in InnoDB when innodb_file_per_table is ON

When innodb_file_per_table is OFF and all data is going to be stored in ibdata files. If you drop some tables of delete some data then there is no any other way to reclaim that unused …

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InnoDB performance optimization basics (redux)

I recently stumbled upon a post that Peter Zaitsev published back in 2007 titled “Innodb Performance Optimization Basics.” It’s a great post and reading it inspired me to examine what’s changed in the nearly six …

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MySQL Schema Agility on SSDs

TokuDB v6.5 adds the ability to expand certain column types without downtime.  Users can now enlarge char, varchar, varbinary, and integer columns with no interruption to insert/update/delete statements on the altered table.  Prior to this …

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Partitioning, Free Lunches, and Indexing

Why partition? Partitioning is a commonly touted method for achieving performance in MySQL and other databases. (See here, here, here and many other examples.) I started wondering where the performance from partitions comes from, and …

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Disk seeks are evil, so let’s avoid them, pt. 3 (Deletions)

As mentioned in parts 1 and 2, having many disk seeks are bad (they slow down performance). Fractal tree data structures minimize disk seeks on ad-hoc insertions, whereas B-trees practically guarantee that disk seeks are …

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Attempting to Quantify Fragmentation Effects

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We often hear from customers and MySQL experts that fragmentation causes problems such as wasting disk space, increasing backup times, and degrading performance. Typical remedies include periodic “optimize table” or dump and re-load (for example, …

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