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A schema change inconsistency with Galera Cluster for MySQL

I recently worked on a case where one node of a Galera cluster had its schema desynchronized with the other nodes. And that was although Total Order Isolation method was in effect to perform the …

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When it’s faster to use SQL in MySQL NDB Cluster over memcache API

Memcache access for MySQL Cluster (or NDBCluster) provides faster access to the data because it avoids the SQL parsing overhead for simple lookups – which is a great feature. But what happens if I try …

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MySQL replication primer with pt-table-checksum and pt-table-sync

MySQL replication is a process that allows you to easily maintain multiple copies of MySQL data by having them copied automatically from a master to a slave database. It’s essential to make sure the slave …

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PXC – Incremental State transfers in detail

IST Basics State transfers in Galera remain a mystery to most people.  Incremental State transfers (as opposed to full State Snapshot transfers) are used under the following conditions: The Joiner node reports Galera a valid …

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The Q&A: Creating best-in-class backup solutions for your MySQL environment

Thank you for attending my July 15 webinar, “Creating Best in Class Backup solutions for your MySQL environment.” Due to the amount of content we discussed and some minor technical difficulties faced near the end …

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Bypassing SST in Percona XtraDB Cluster with binary logs

In my previous post, I used incremental backups in Percona XtraBackup as a method for rebuilding a Percona XtraDB Cluster (PXC) node without triggering an actual SST. Practically this reproduces the SST steps, but it …

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Bypassing SST in Percona XtraDB Cluster with incremental backups

Beware the SST In Percona XtraDB Cluster (PXC) I often run across users who are fearful of SSTs on their clusters. I’ve always maintained that if you can’t cope with a SST, PXC may not …

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Playing with Percona XtraDB Cluster in Docker

Like any good, thus lazy, engineer I don’t like to start things manually. Creating directories, configuration files, specify paths, ports via command line is too boring. I wrote already how I survive in case when …

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Oracle license revenue and the MySQL ecosystem

Oracle was in the news recently with the story of its license revenue declining as much as 17% in the recent quarter. This is blamed on transitioning to the cloud in some publications, but others, …

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Percona XtraDB Cluster (PXC): How many nodes do you need?

A question I often hear when customers want to set up a production PXC cluster is: “How many nodes should we use?” Three nodes is the most common deployment, but when are more nodes needed? …

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