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Troubleshooting MySQL Memory Usage

One of the most painful troubleshooting tasks with MySQL is troubleshooting memory usage. The problem usually starts like this – you have configured MySQL to use reasonable global buffers, such as innodb_buffer_size, key_buffer_size etc, you …


PHP Large result sets and summary tables.

We’re working with web site preparing for massive growth. To make sure it handles large data sets as part of the process we work on generation test database of significant size as testing your application …


Handling big result sets

Sometime it is needed to handle a lot of rows on client side. Usual way is send query via mysql_query and than handle the result in loop mysql_fetch_array (here I use PHP functions but they …


PXC – Incremental State transfers in detail

IST Basics State transfers in Galera remain a mystery to most people.  Incremental State transfers (as opposed to full State Snapshot transfers) are used under the following conditions: The Joiner node reports Galera a valid …


Percona Security Advisory CVE-2015-1027

Contents Summary Analysis Mitigating factors P.O.C Acknowledgments Summary During a code audit performed internally at Percona, we discovered a viable information disclosure attack when coupled with a MITM attack in which percona-toolkit and xtrabackup perl …


Profiling MySQL queries from Performance Schema

When optimizing queries and investigating performance issues, MySQL comes with built in support for profiling queries aka SET profiling = 1; . This is already awesome and simple to use, but why the PERFORMANCE_SCHEMA alternative? Because profiling will be …


Measuring the impact of tcpdump on Very Busy Hosts

A few years back Deva wrote about how to use tcpdump on very busy hosts. That post sparked my interest about exploring how to measure the impact of tcpdump on very busy hosts. In this …


How to test if CVE-2015-0204 FREAK SSL security flaw affects you

The CVE-2015-0204 FREAK SSL vulnerability abuses intentionally weak “EXPORT” ciphers which could be used to perform a transparent Man In The Middle attack. (We seem to be continually bombarded with not only SSL vulnerabilities but the …


Looking deeper into InnoDB’s problem with many row versions

A few days ago I wrote about MySQL performance implications of InnoDB isolation modes and I touched briefly upon the bizarre performance regression I found with InnoDB handling a large amount of versions for a single …


Diagnosing SST errors with Percona XtraDB Cluster for MySQL

State Snapshot Transfer (SST) is used in Percona XtraDB Cluster (PXC) when a new node joins the cluster or to resync a failed node if Incremental State Transfer (IST) is no longer available. SST is …