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Search Results for: alter table change column

utf8 data on latin1 tables: converting to utf8 without downtime or double encoding

Here’s a problem some or most of us have encountered. You have a latin1 table defined like below, and your application is storing utf8 data to the column on a latin1 connection. Obviously, double encoding …

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Schema changes – what’s new in MySQL 5.6?

Among many of the improvements you can enjoy in MySQL 5.6, there is one that addresses a huge operational problem that most DBAs and System Administrators encounter in their life: schema changes. While it is …

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MySQL optimizer: ANALYZE TABLE and Waiting for table flush

The MySQL optimizer makes the decision of what execution plan to use based on the information provided by the storage engines. That information is not accurate in some engines like InnoDB and they are based …

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Knowing what pt-online-schema-change will do

pt-online-schema-change is simple to use, but internally it is complex.  Baron’s webinar about pt-online-schema-change hinted at several of the tool’s complexities.  Consequently, users often want to know before making changes what pt-online-schema-change will do when it runs.  The …

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On Character Sets and Disappearing Tables

The MySQL manual tells us that regardless of whether or not we use “SET FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS=0” before making schema changes, InnoDB will not allow a column referenced by a foreign key constraint to be modified in …

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pt-online-schema-change and default values

When I’m doing conventional ALTER TABLE in MySQL I can ignore default value and it will be assigned based on the column type. For example this alter table sbtest add column v varchar(100) not null …

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Addressing Hot Schema Changes in MySQL

As ones data model evolves changing the database schema becomes painful, especially for big databases where the table must be taken offline. Fortunately, Tokutek introduced online schema changes starting in TokuDB v5.0. A typical schema change involves …

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Hot Column Addition and Deletion Part I – Performance

From 18 hours to 3 seconds! Hot Column Addition and Deletion (HCAD) Overview TokuDB v5.0 introduces several features that are new to the MySQL world. In this series of posts, we’re going to present some …

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Extending Index for Innodb tables can hurt performance in a surprising way

One schema optimization we often do is extending index when there are queries which can use more key part. Typically this is safe operation, unless index length increases dramatically queries which can use index can …

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