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Quick look at Ubuntu 6.06

 | June 13, 2006 |  Posted In: Benchmarks

There are a lot of talks around new coming Ubuntu 6.06, so I decided to make quick benchmarks. I used sysbench 0.4.6 oltp-read-only workload with 1000000 rows against InnoDB and MyISAM tables. Such workload is CPU-bound and allows to compare CPU / OS if we are using the same version of MySQL. So I used […]

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Why MySQL could be slow with large tables ?

 | June 9, 2006 |  Posted In: Insight for DBAs

If you’ve been reading enough database related forums, mailing lists or blogs you probably heard complains about MySQL being unable to handle more than 1.000.000 (or select any other number) rows by some of the users. On other hand it is well known with customers like Google, Yahoo, LiveJournal,Technocarati MySQL has installations with many billions […]

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Intel Woodcrest vs AMD Opteron for MySQL

 | June 8, 2006 |  Posted In: Benchmarks

AnandTech published Intel Woodcrest preview benchmarks which have some numbers for MySQL as well. From these numbers performance looks great and it looks like finally Intel has something to respond to AMD Opterons on Server market. Now competition heats up and we’ll see what AMD will have to respond. As Opteron did not have serious […]

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Are larger buffers always better ?

 | June 6, 2006 | 

Sometimes I see people thinking about buffers as “larger is always better” so if “large” MySQL sample configuration is designed for 2GB and they happen to have 16, they would simply multiply all/most values by 10 and hope it will work well. Obviously it does not. The least problem would be wasting memory, allocating a […]

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InnoDB thread concurrency

 | June 5, 2006 |  Posted In: Insight for DBAs

InnoDB has a mechanism to regulate count of threads working inside InnoDB. innodb_thread_concurrency is variable which set this count, and there are two friendly variables innodb_thread_sleep_delay and innodb_concurrency_tickets. I’ll try to explain how it works. MySQL has pluginable architecture which divides work between mysql common code (parser, optimizer) and storage engine. From storage engine’s point […]

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InnoDB page size

 | June 4, 2006 |  Posted In: Insight for DBAs

As maybe you know InnoDB uses hard page size 16Kb for datafiles and for buffer pool. However this size can be changed if you need it for your workload. go to file innobase/include/univ.i, lines:

UNIV_PAGE_SIZE is page size (as you see – default value 16Kb). Possible values for UNIV_PAGE_SIZE is 8K, 16K, 32K, 64K. […]

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Indexes in MySQL

 | June 2, 2006 |  Posted In: Insight for DBAs

MySQL does not always make a right decision about indexes usage. Condsider a simple table:

; 250001 (V1)

; 83036 (V2) (execution time = 110 ms) That is index selectivity by condition (ID1=1) is V2/V1 = 0.3321 or 33.21% It is said (e.g. book “SQL Tuning”) if selectivity over 20% then a full table […]

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InnoDB memory usage

 | May 30, 2006 |  Posted In: Insight for DBAs

There are many questions how InnoDB allocates memory. I’ll try to give some explanation about the memory allocation at startup. Some important constants: NBLOCKS=count of block in innodb_buffer_pool = innodb_buffer_pool_size / 16384 OS_THREADS= if (innodb_buffer_pool_size >= 1000Mb) = 50000 else if (innodb_buffer_pool_size >= 8Mb) = 10000 else = 1000 (it’s true for *nixes, for Windows […]

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Join performance of MyISAM and Innodb

 | May 29, 2006 |  Posted In: Benchmarks

We had discussion today which involved benchmarks of Join speed for MyISAM and Innodb storage engines for CPU bound workload, this is when data size is small enough to fit in memory and so buffer pool. I tested very simple table, having with about 20.000 rows in it on 32bit Linux. The columns “id” “i” […]

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