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InnoDB memory usage

 | May 30, 2006 |  Posted In: Insight for DBAs

There are many questions how InnoDB allocates memory. I’ll try to give some explanation about the memory allocation at startup. Some important constants: NBLOCKS=count of block in innodb_buffer_pool = innodb_buffer_pool_size / 16384 OS_THREADS= if (innodb_buffer_pool_size >= 1000Mb) = 50000 else if (innodb_buffer_pool_size >= 8Mb) = 10000 else = 1000 (it’s true for *nixes, for Windows […]

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MySQL INSERT ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE and counters

 | May 29, 2006 |  Posted In: Insight for DBAs

MySQL INSERT ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE is very powerful but often forgotten MySQL feature. It was introduced in MySQL 4.1 but I still constantly see people unaware of it. Myself I like this feature big deal because it is designed in truly MySQL style – very efficient solution for frequent task while keeping it beautiful […]

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Jeremy Cole on MySQL Replication

 | May 27, 2006 |  Posted In: Insight for DBAs

Jeremy Cole recently posted very nice post about MySQL Replication Performance. There are however few points I should comment on. Jeremy Speaks about MyISAM and Innodb in the same terms, in fact they are quite different for Replication. As you probably know MyISAM uses buffered IO so if master crashes you’re out of sync anyway […]

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MyISAM mmap feature (5.1)

 | May 26, 2006 |  Posted In: Insight for DBAs

As you know MyISAM does not cache data, only indexes. MyISAM assumes OS cache is good enough and uses pread/pwrite system calls for reading/writing datafiles. However OS is not always good in this task, my benchmarks show Linux/Solaris aren’t scalable on intensive pread calls (I believe the same for Windows, but I did not test […]

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Group commit and XA

 | May 19, 2006 |  Posted In: Insight for DBAs

Returning to post Group commit and real fsync I made several experiments: I ran sysbench update_key benchmarks without —log-bin, with —log-bin, and with —log-bin and —innodb-support-xa=0 (default value is 1). Results (in transactions / sec) threads without —log-bin —log-bin —log-bin and —innodb_support-xa=0 1 1218.68 614.94 1010.44 4 2686.36 667.77 1162.60 16 3993.59 666.14 1161.56 64 […]

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MySQL Server Memory Usage

 | May 17, 2006 |  Posted In: Insight for DBAs

Every so often people ask me the question how should they estimate memory consumption by MySQL Server in given configuration. What is the formula they could use. The reasons to worry about memory usage are quite understandable. If you configure MySQL Server so it uses too small amount of memory it will likey perform suboptimally. […]

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To pack or not to pack – MyISAM Key compression

 | May 13, 2006 |  Posted In: Insight for DBAs

MyISAM storage engine has key compression which makes its indexes much smaller, allowing better fit in caches and so improving performance dramatically. Actually packed indexes not a bit longer rows is frequent reason of MyISAM performing better than Innodb. In this article I’ll get in a bit more details about packed keys and performance implications […]

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Mess with innodb_thread_concurrency

 | May 12, 2006 |  Posted In: Insight for DBAs

In MySQL 5.0.19 the meaning of innodb_thread_concurrency variable was changed (yeah, again). Now innodb_thread_concurrency=0 means unlimitied count of concurrent threads inside InnoDB. It’s logical, but there was long way. In MySQL versions below 5.0.8 for unlimited threads you had to set innodb_thread_concurrency over 500 (and default value for innodb_thread_concurrency was 8 ). Starting with MySQL […]

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