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read_ahead (disabled) as steroid

 | May 12, 2009 |  Posted In: Benchmarks, Insight for DBAs


Last week we were busy to align XtraDB performance with 5.4, now we have some results. Currently it is available as “hacks” to XtraDB (available on Lauchpad lp:~percona-dev/percona-xtradb/hacks-porting-tune if you are interested). Basically we took improvements from 5.4 and backported ones performance related to XtraDB.

Here are results for tpcc-like workload, 100W (~10GB) ( raw results and parameters are available here
http://spreadsheets.google.com/ccc?key=rxUEhM2dqbX0uAfq9j6WQ_w ). Box Dell PowerEdge R900 (Does Dell have referral program ? ), with RAID10 (8 disks) on ext3, 32GB of RAM.

As you see there almost no difference and you may say what’s the reason in XtraDB ? The most interesting reason is XtraDB based on InnoDB-plugin and contains its nice features like FAST INDEX CREATION and dynamic pages. And XtraDB has some parameters like “adaptive_checkpoint” and control of “read_ahead”. And if in the same benchmark you disable read-ahead (innodb_read_ahead=none), you can see improvement about 15%

Actually control of read_ahead is very simple patch and can easily be included in 5.4 or InnoDB-plugin.

For curiosity I run the same benchmarks on ext3 vs xfs on SSD card, the results are:

Interesting facts:
– xfs is 25% faster ext3
– the gaps on SSD is more visible than on RAID10
– in the same time gaps can be smoother with disabled read_ahead, however disabling it does not show such improvement like on RAID10

I should mention I have strange results on xtradb running it on xfs on RAID10, I have results about 2times slower than for ext3. I am not sure yet – is it xtradb or xfs problem, and why it appears only on RAID10, but not SSD.

Vadim Tkachenko

Vadim Tkachenko co-founded Percona in 2006 and serves as its Chief Technology Officer. Vadim leads Percona Labs, which focuses on technology research and performance evaluations of Percona’s and third-party products. Percona Labs designs no-gimmick tests of hardware, filesystems, storage engines, and databases that surpass the standard performance and functionality scenario benchmarks.

Vadim’s expertise in LAMP performance and multi-threaded programming help optimize MySQL and InnoDB internals to take full advantage of modern hardware. Oracle Corporation and its predecessors have incorporated Vadim’s source code patches into the mainstream MySQL and InnoDB products.

He also co-authored the book High Performance MySQL: Optimization, Backups, and Replication 3rd Edition.


  • Mark,

    Here is comment from Yasufumi:

    – “pause” (rep; nop) instruction in spin loop should increase performance of
    mutex/rw_lock contention. It may affect 5~10% in throughput.

    – log_buffer_flush_maybe_sync() will decrease the number of log sync
    at innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit=[0|2]. It may affect to performance much.

    – The number of request slots for the each IO thread has been increased. (x4)
    It might be short for some high-end environments.

    – relax condition to flush log and contract ibuf at inner loop of srv_master_thread()
    – if (n_pend_ios < 3 && (n_ios – n_ios_old < PCT_IO(5))) {
    + if (n_pend_ios < PCT_IO(3) && (n_ios – n_ios_old < PCT_IO(5))) {

  • What are your thoughts on innodb_random_read_ahead?

    Also given this is an old post, how does linear with a small vs large value compare to random in newer versions?

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