pt-deadlock-logger

NAME

pt-deadlock-logger - Extract and log MySQL deadlock information.

SYNOPSIS

Usage: pt-deadlock-logger [OPTION...] SOURCE_DSN

pt-deadlock-logger extracts and saves information about the most recent deadlock in a MySQL server.

Print deadlocks on SOURCE_DSN:

pt-deadlock-logger SOURCE_DSN

Store deadlock information from SOURCE_DSN in test.deadlocks table on SOURCE_DSN (source and destination are the same host):

pt-deadlock-logger SOURCE_DSN --dest D=test,t=deadlocks

Store deadlock information from SOURCE_DSN in test.deadlocks table on DEST_DSN (source and destination are different hosts):

pt-deadlock-logger SOURCE_DSN --dest DEST_DSN,D=test,t=deadlocks

Daemonize and check for deadlocks on SOURCE_DSN every 30 seconds for 4 hours:

pt-deadlock-logger SOURCE_DSN --dest D=test,t=deadlocks --daemonize --run-time 4h --interval 30s

RISKS

The following section is included to inform users about the potential risks, whether known or unknown, of using this tool. The two main categories of risks are those created by the nature of the tool (e.g. read-only tools vs. read-write tools) and those created by bugs.

pt-deadlock-logger is a read-only tool unless you specify a “–dest” table. In some cases polling SHOW INNODB STATUS too rapidly can cause extra load on the server. If you’re using it on a production server under very heavy load, you might want to set “–interval” to 30 seconds or more.

At the time of this release, we know of no bugs that could cause serious harm to users.

The authoritative source for updated information is always the online issue tracking system. Issues that affect this tool will be marked as such. You can see a list of such issues at the following URL: http://www.percona.com/bugs/pt-deadlock-logger.

See also “BUGS” for more information on filing bugs and getting help.

DESCRIPTION

pt-deadlock-logger extracts deadlock data from a MySQL server. Currently only InnoDB deadlock information is available. You can print the information to standard output, store it in a database table, or both. If neither “–print” nor “–dest” are given, then the deadlock information is printed by default. If only “–dest” is given, then the deadlock information is only stored. If both options are given, then the deadlock information is printed and stored.

The source host can be specified using one of two methods. The first method is to use at least one of the standard connection-related command line options: “–defaults-file”, “–password”, “–host”, “–port”, “–socket” or “–user”. These options only apply to the source host; they cannot be used to specify the destination host.

The second method to specify the source host, or the optional destination host using “–dest”, is a DSN. A DSN is a special syntax that can be either just a hostname (like server.domain.com or 1.2.3.4), or a key=value,key=value string. Keys are a single letter:

KEY MEANING
=== =======
h   Connect to host
P   Port number to use for connection
S   Socket file to use for connection
u   User for login if not current user
p   Password to use when connecting
F   Only read default options from the given file

If you omit any values from the destination host DSN, they are filled in with values from the source host, so you don’t need to specify them in both places. pt-deadlock-logger reads all normal MySQL option files, such as ~/.my.cnf, so you may not need to specify username, password and other common options at all.

OUTPUT

You can choose which columns are output and/or saved to “–dest” with the “–columns” argument. The default columns are as follows:

server

The (source) server on which the deadlock occurred. This might be useful if you’re tracking deadlocks on many servers.

ts

The date and time of the last detected deadlock.

thread

The MySQL thread number, which is the same as the connection ID in SHOW FULL PROCESSLIST.

txn_id

The InnoDB transaction ID, which InnoDB expresses as two unsigned integers. I have multiplied them out to be one number.

txn_time

How long the transaction was active when the deadlock happened.

user

The connection’s database username.

hostname

The connection’s host.

ip

The connection’s IP address. If you specify “–numeric-ip”, this is converted to an unsigned integer.

db

The database in which the deadlock occurred.

tbl

The table on which the deadlock occurred.

idx

The index on which the deadlock occurred.

lock_type

The lock type the transaction held on the lock that caused the deadlock.

lock_mode

The lock mode of the lock that caused the deadlock.

wait_hold

Whether the transaction was waiting for the lock or holding the lock. Usually you will see the two waited-for locks.

victim

Whether the transaction was selected as the deadlock victim and rolled back.

query

The query that caused the deadlock.

INNODB CAVEATS AND DETAILS

InnoDB’s output is hard to parse and sometimes there’s no way to do it right.

Sometimes not all information (for example, username or IP address) is included in the deadlock information. In this case there’s nothing for the script to put in those columns. It may also be the case that the deadlock output is so long (because there were a lot of locks) that the whole thing is truncated.

Though there are usually two transactions involved in a deadlock, there are more locks than that; at a minimum, one more lock than transactions is necessary to create a cycle in the waits-for graph. pt-deadlock-logger prints the transactions (always two in the InnoDB output, even when there are more transactions in the waits-for graph than that) and fills in locks. It prefers waited-for over held when choosing lock information to output, but you can figure out the rest with a moment’s thought. If you see one wait-for and one held lock, you’re looking at the same lock, so of course you’d prefer to see both wait-for locks and get more information. If the two waited-for locks are not on the same table, more than two transactions were involved in the deadlock.

OPTIONS

This tool accepts additional command-line arguments. Refer to the “SYNOPSIS” and usage information for details.

--ask-pass Prompt for a password when connecting to MySQL.
--charset

short form: -A; type: string

Default character set. If the value is utf8, sets Perl’s binmode on STDOUT to utf8, passes the mysql_enable_utf8 option to DBD::mysql, and runs SET NAMES UTF8 after connecting to MySQL. Any other value sets binmode on STDOUT without the utf8 layer, and runs SET NAMES after connecting to MySQL.

--clear-deadlocks
 

type: string

Use this table to create a small deadlock. This usually has the effect of clearing out a huge deadlock, which otherwise consumes the entire output of SHOW INNODB STATUS. The table must not exist. pt-deadlock-logger will create it with the following MAGIC_clear_deadlocks structure:

CREATE TABLE test.deadlock_maker(a INT PRIMARY KEY) ENGINE=InnoDB;

After creating the table and causing a small deadlock, the tool will drop the table again.

–[no]collapse

Collapse whitespace in queries to a single space. This might make it easier to inspect on the command line or in a query. By default, whitespace is collapsed when printing with “–print”, but not modified when storing to “–dest”. (That is, the default is different for each action).
--columns

type: hash

Output only this comma-separated list of columns. See “OUTPUT” for more details on columns.

--config

type: Array

Read this comma-separated list of config files; if specified, this must be the first option on the command line.

--create-dest-table
 

Create the table specified by “–dest”.

Normally the “–dest” table is expected to exist already. This option causes pt-deadlock-logger to create the table automatically using the suggested table structure.

--daemonize Fork to the background and detach from the shell. POSIX operating systems only.
--defaults-file
 

short form: -F; type: string

Only read mysql options from the given file. You must give an absolute pathname.

--dest

type: DSN

DSN for where to store deadlocks; specify at least a database (D) and table (t).

Missing values are filled in with the same values from the source host, so you can usually omit most parts of this argument if you’re storing deadlocks on the same server on which they happen.

By default, whitespace in the query column is left intact; use “–[no]collapse” if you want whitespace collapsed.

The following MAGIC_dest_table is suggested if you want to store all the information pt-deadlock-logger can extract about deadlocks:

CREATE TABLE deadlocks (
  server char(20) NOT NULL,
  ts datetime NOT NULL,
  thread int unsigned NOT NULL,
  txn_id bigint unsigned NOT NULL,
  txn_time smallint unsigned NOT NULL,
  user char(16) NOT NULL,
  hostname char(20) NOT NULL,
  ip char(15) NOT NULL, -- alternatively, ip int unsigned NOT NULL
  db char(64) NOT NULL,
  tbl char(64) NOT NULL,
  idx char(64) NOT NULL,
  lock_type char(16) NOT NULL,
  lock_mode char(1) NOT NULL,
  wait_hold char(1) NOT NULL,
  victim tinyint unsigned NOT NULL,
  query text NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY  (server,ts,thread)
) ENGINE=InnoDB

If you use “–columns”, you can omit whichever columns you don’t want to store.

--help Show help and exit.
--host

short form: -h; type: string

Connect to host.

--interval

type: time

How often to check for deadlocks. If no “–run-time” is specified, pt-deadlock-logger runs forever, checking for deadlocks at every interval. See also “–run-time”.

--log

type: string

Print all output to this file when daemonized.

--numeric-ip Express IP addresses as integers.
--password

short form: -p; type: string

Password to use when connecting.

--pid

type: string

Create the given PID file when daemonized. The file contains the process ID of the daemonized instance. The PID file is removed when the daemonized instance exits. The program checks for the existence of the PID file when starting; if it exists and the process with the matching PID exists, the program exits.

--port

short form: -P; type: int

Port number to use for connection.

--print

Print results on standard output. See “OUTPUT” for more. By default, enables “–[no]collapse” unless you explicitly disable it.

If “–interval” or “–run-time” is specified, only new deadlocks are printed at each interval. A fingerprint for each deadlock is created using “–columns” server, ts and thread (even if those columns were not specified by “–columns”) and if the current deadlock’s fingerprint is different from the last deadlock’s fingerprint, then it is printed.

--run-time

type: time

How long to run before exiting. By default pt-deadlock-logger runs once, checks for deadlocks, and exits. If “–run-time” is specified but no “–interval” is specified, a default 1 second interval will be used.

--set-vars

type: string; default: wait_timeout=10000

Set these MySQL variables. Immediately after connecting to MySQL, this string will be appended to SET and executed.

--socket

short form: -S; type: string

Socket file to use for connection.

--tab Print tab-separated columns, instead of aligned.
--user

short form: -u; type: string

User for login if not current user.

--version Show version and exit.

DSN OPTIONS

These DSN options are used to create a DSN. Each option is given like option=value. The options are case-sensitive, so P and p are not the same option. There cannot be whitespace before or after the = and if the value contains whitespace it must be quoted. DSN options are comma-separated. See the percona-toolkit manpage for full details.

* A

dsn: charset; copy: yes

Default character set.

* D

dsn: database; copy: yes

Default database.

* F

dsn: mysql_read_default_file; copy: yes

Only read default options from the given file

* h

dsn: host; copy: yes

Connect to host.

* p

dsn: password; copy: yes

Password to use when connecting.

* P

dsn: port; copy: yes

Port number to use for connection.

* S

dsn: mysql_socket; copy: yes

Socket file to use for connection.

* t

Table in which to store deadlock information.

* u

dsn: user; copy: yes

User for login if not current user.

ENVIRONMENT

The environment variable PTDEBUG enables verbose debugging output to STDERR. To enable debugging and capture all output to a file, run the tool like:

PTDEBUG=1 pt-deadlock-logger ... > FILE 2>&1

Be careful: debugging output is voluminous and can generate several megabytes of output.

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS

You need Perl, DBI, DBD::mysql, and some core packages that ought to be installed in any reasonably new version of Perl.

BUGS

For a list of known bugs, see http://www.percona.com/bugs/pt-deadlock-logger.

Please report bugs at https://bugs.launchpad.net/percona-toolkit. Include the following information in your bug report:

* Complete command-line used to run the tool

* Tool “–version”

* MySQL version of all servers involved

* Output from the tool including STDERR

* Input files (log/dump/config files, etc.)

If possible, include debugging output by running the tool with PTDEBUG; see “ENVIRONMENT”.

DOWNLOADING

Visit http://www.percona.com/software/percona-toolkit/ to download the latest release of Percona Toolkit. Or, get the latest release from the command line:

wget percona.com/get/percona-toolkit.tar.gz

wget percona.com/get/percona-toolkit.rpm

wget percona.com/get/percona-toolkit.deb

You can also get individual tools from the latest release:

wget percona.com/get/TOOL

Replace TOOL with the name of any tool.

AUTHORS

Baron Schwartz

ABOUT PERCONA TOOLKIT

This tool is part of Percona Toolkit, a collection of advanced command-line tools developed by Percona for MySQL support and consulting. Percona Toolkit was forked from two projects in June, 2011: Maatkit and Aspersa. Those projects were created by Baron Schwartz and developed primarily by him and Daniel Nichter, both of whom are employed by Percona. Visit http://www.percona.com/software/ for more software developed by Percona.

VERSION

pt-deadlock-logger 1.0.2

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