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This page explains how to install and use the pre-built templates that ship with this project. If the templates are not exactly what you need, see the documentation on creating custom templates.
The following instructions assume you have the necessary privileges to make changes to your Cacti server. You probably need to become root on that server.
It is a good idea to make sure your Web browser doesn’t save your password when you’re using Cacti. There are some screens in the administrative interface that have hidden password fields you can’t see, but the browser will fill in, and it’ll cause the templates to be configured incorrectly.
You will need to get a copy of the scripts on the server, and you need access to the templates locally, so you can import them through your web browser. Therefore, you should probably download the monitoring plugins to your own computer, and then upload them to your Cacti server as well.
Let’s assume you have just downloaded version 1.0.0, in percona-monitoring-plugins-1.0.0.tar.gz. Unpack the archive with the following command at a command prompt:
root@cactiserver# tar zxf percona-monitoring-plugins-1.0.0.tar.gz
Repeat the same process on your local computer. You should now have a directory containing several files. (The directory name will change with each new release). Change into this directory:
root@cactiserver# cd percona-monitoring-plugins-1.0.0/cacti/
Before you install, read the specific instructions for the templates you plan to install. These are linked from this document’s table of contents.
The general process is to copy the data-gathering scripts into place, and then to import the templates via the web interface.
Copy the PHP scripts into your Cacti installation’s scripts directory, on the server that hosts Cacti. This is usually /usr/share/cacti/site/scripts/, but might be different on your system. Let’s assume you want to install the MySQL templates:
root@cactiserver# cp scripts/ss_get_mysql_stats.php /usr/share/cacti/site/scripts
Now import the template files through your web browser. In the Cacti web interface’s Console tab, click on the Import Templates link in the left sidebar. Browse to the directory containing the unpacked templates, select the XML file for the templates you’re installing, and submit the form. In our example, the file will be named something like cacti_host_template_percona_mysql_server_ht_0.8.6i-sver1.0.0.xml.
Inspect the page that results. You should see something like the following:
Cacti has imported the following items: CDEF [success] Percona Negate CDEF [new] GPRINT Preset [success] Percona MySQL Server Version t1.0.0:s1.0.0 [new] [success] Percona Normal [new] Data Input Method [success] Percona Get MySQL Stats/MyISAM Indexes IM [new] ... snip ... Data Template [success] Percona MyISAM Indexes DT [new] ... snip ... Graph Template [success] Percona Indexes GT [new] ... snip ... Host Template [success] Percona Server HT [new]
The above is an abbreviated list. Every line should show “success” at the beginning, and “new” (or “update” if you’re upgrading) at the end.
To install scripts and templates you can run:
yum install percona-cacti-templates
apt-get install percona-cacti-templates
Now you have to import templates using Cacti web interface as described in the tarball installation above (do not need to copy any scripts but requires the local access to the templates from a tarball) or simply import templates from the command line, e.g.:
php /usr/share/cacti/cli/import_template.php --filename=/usr/share/cacti/resource/percona/templates/cacti_host_template_percona_gnu_linux_server_ht_0.8.6i-sver1.0.3.xml \ --with-user-rras='1:2:3:4'
The templates themselves don’t need to be configured, but you might need to configure the scripts that they execute to gather their data. For example, you might need to specify a username and password to connect to MySQL and gather statistics. There are several ways to do this.
The simplest way is to embed the configuration options in the script file itself. Open the script file (such as scripts/ss_get_mysql_stats.php) with your favorite text editor, and look for a section like the following:
# ============================================================================ # CONFIGURATION # ============================================================================ # Define MySQL connection constants in config.php. Arguments explicitly passed # in from Cacti will override these. However, if you leave them blank in Cacti # and set them here, you can make life easier. Instead of defining parameters # here, you can define them in another file named the same as this file, with a # .cnf extension. # ============================================================================ $mysql_user = 'cactiuser'; $mysql_pass = 'cactiuser'; $mysql_port = 3306; ... [snip]...
Each PHP file has its own configuration options, and there should be comments that explain them. In the above example, the options are MySQL connection options. Change them as desired, and save and close the PHP file.
This method this has some disadvantages. If you upgrade the PHP script file, you’ll lose your configuration. And this only works if all of your monitored resources need the same configuration parameters.
If you don’t want to store the configuration options directly into the PHP script file or you want to preserve your settings after the package update, you can create another file with the same name and the filename extension .cnf. Place this under /etc/cacti/ and ensure it is valid PHP. This file will be included by the PHP script file, so you can define the same configuration options there that you might define in the PHP script file. For example, you might create /etc/cacti/ss_get_mysql_stats.php.cnf with the following contents:
<?php $mysql_user = "root"; $mysql_pass = "s3cret";
Notice the opening PHP tag, but the absence of a closing PHP tag. This is to comply with PHP standards and avoid problems. Be careful not to add any extra lines or whitespace at the beginning or end of the configuration file, because that can cause whitespace to be included in the script’s output.
This method still has the disadvantage that it works only if you use the same global configuration for every monitored resource. If you need to specify a username and password for each host or each graph, it won’t work.
A MySQL user should be configured with the proper privileges.
You can also place .cnf file in the same directory as the PHP script file (just to keep the backward compatibility) but this is a security risk as scripts/ folder falls under the web directory. So /etc/cacti/ is the recommended location for .cnf file. In any case, ensure that any files under scripts/ are not accessible from Web. Check out Hardening Cacti setup guide.
The above configuration methods make configuration available to the scripts as PHP variables, but it is also possible to pass command-line arguments to the scripts. If you execute the script without any options, you’ll see the available options. For example:
# php ss_get_mysql_stats.php Required option --host is missing Usage: php ss_get_mysql_stats.php --host <host> --items <item,...> [OPTION] --host MySQL host --items Comma-separated list of the items whose data you want --user MySQL username --pass MySQL password --port MySQL port --server-id Server id to associate with a heartbeat if heartbeat usage is enabled --nocache Do not cache results in a file --help Show usage
You can make Cacti pass configuration options to the script with these command-line options when it executes the script. To do this, you will need to do one of two things. You can customize specific graphs that require configuration options, or you can generate your own templates so every graph requires you to fill in values for the options.
Here’s how to make specific graphs accept command-line arguments. From the Console tab, click into Data Templates. Find the desired Data Template and click it so you can edit it. We will use ‘Percona MySQL Binary/Relay Logs DT’ as an example. Now, check the checkboxes so the desired command-line options use per-data-source values. This means that the global template’s value doesn’t override the individual graph’s values; the individual graphs must specify their own values. For example, the following figure shows how to set the checkboxes so that username and password are per-data-source:
Next find the data source by clicking into Data Sources. Now that you’ve specified that this data source should use per-data-source values for the username and password, there are text boxes to fill in:
Cacti will now pass the given arguments to the PHP script when it executes. Here’s a snippet from the Cacti log, showing this in action:
10/26/2009 03:00:09 PM - CMDPHP: Poller Host DS CMD: /usr/bin/php -q /usr/share/cacti/site/scripts/ss_get_mysql_stats.php --host 127.0.0.1 --items kx,ky --user root --pass s3cret --port 3306
Creating graphs is the easiest step of the process.
If you’re upgrading from an earlier version of the template, you might need to change the Host Template to None, submit the change, and then change it back to the desired template after the page reloads.
After you create the graphs, wait until the poller runs once, and then check to make sure your new graphs render as images.