November 24, 2014

Schema changes in MySQL for OpenStack Trove users

People using OpenStack Trove instances can hit a common issue in the MySQL world: how to perform schema change operations while minimizing the impact on the database server? Let’s explore the options that can allow online schema changes. Summary With MySQL 5.5, pt-online-schema-change from Percona Toolkit is your best option for large tables while regular […]

Avoiding MySQL ALTER table downtime

MySQL table alterations can interrupt production traffic causing bad customer experience or in worst cases, loss of revenue. Not all DBAs, developers, syadmins know MySQL well enough to avoid this pitfall. DBAs usually encounter these kinds of production interruptions when working with upgrade scripts that touch both application and database or if an inexperienced admin/dev […]

Syncing MySQL slave table with pt-online-schema-change

I recently encountered a situation in which after running Percona Toolkit’s pt-table-checksum on a customer system, 95% of the table on the MySQL master was different on the MySQL slave. Although this table was not a critical part of the infrastructure, from time to time, writes to the table from the master would break replication. […]

Looking out for max values in integer-based columns in MySQL

Yay! My first blog post! As long as at least 1 person finds it useful, I’ve done my job. Recently, one of my long-term clients was noticing that while their INSERTs were succeeding, a particular column counter was not incrementing. A quick investigation determined the column was of type int(11) and they had reached the […]

How to monitor ALTER TABLE progress in MySQL

While working on a recent support issue as a Percona Support Engineer,  I got one question from a customer asking how to monitor ALTER TABLE progress. Actually, for MySQL 5.5 and prior versions, it’s quite difficult to ALTER the table in a running production environment especially for large tables (with millions records). Because it will rebuild and lock the table […]

Integrating pt-online-schema-change with a Scripted Deployment

Recently, I helped a client that was having issues with deployments causing locking in their production databases.  At a high level, the two key components used in the environment were: Capistrano (scripted deployments) [website] Liquibase (database version control) [website] At a high level, they currently used a CLI call to Liquibase as a sub-task within […]

Schema changes – what’s new in MySQL 5.6?

Among many of the improvements you can enjoy in MySQL 5.6, there is one that addresses a huge operational problem that most DBAs and System Administrators encounter in their life: schema changes. While it is usually not a problem for small tables or those in early stages of product life cycle, schema changes become a […]

Percona Toolkit 2.2.3 released; bug fixes include pt-online-schema-change

Among all of the excellent events going on like YAPC, Velocity, and Percona MySQL University, we recently released Percona Toolkit 2.2.3. It’s a small update that includes the following: pt-online-schema-change did not handle the failure of the DROP TRIGGER statements correctly Created pt-agent pt-query-digest –output json now includes more data The pt-online-schema-change issue had a high importance. […]

pt-online-schema-change and binlog_format

Statement-based or row-based, or mixed?  We’ve all seen this discussed at length so I’m not trying to rehash tired arguments.  At a high level, the difference is simple: Statement based replication (SBR) replicates the SQL statements to the slave to be replayed Row based replication (RBR) replicates the actual rows changed to the slave to […]

5 Percona Toolkit Tools for MySQL That Could Save Your Day: April 3 Webinar

On April 3 at 10 a.m. PST, I’ll be giving a webinar titled “5 Percona Toolkit Tools for MySQL That Could Save Your Day.” In this presentation you’ll learn how to perform typical but challenging MySQL database administration tasks. My focus will be on the following tools: pt-query-digest, to select the queries you should try […]