Search Results for: statistics

When Does InnoDB Update Table Statistics? (And When It Can Bite)

An InnoDB table statistics is used for JOIN optimizations and helping the MySQL optimizer choose the appropriate index for a query. If a table’s statistics or index cardinality becomes outdated, you might see queries which previously performed well suddenly show up on slow query log until InnoDB again updates the statistics. But when does InnoDB […]

How to generate per-database traffic statistics using mk-query-digest

We often encounter customers who have partitioned their applications among a number of databases within the same instance of MySQL (think application service providers who have a separate database per customer organization … or wordpress-mu type of apps). For example, take the following single MySQL instance with multiple (identical) databases:

Google’s user_statistics V2 port and changes

Recently Google published V2 release of patches, one of them user_statistics we use in our releases. New features are quite interesting so we decided to port it to fresh releases of MySQL. Features includes: New statistics per user (Cpu_time, Bytes_received, Bytes_sent, etc) New command SHOW CLIENT_STATISTICS, which shows statistics per client’s hostname, not per user […]

Profiling MySQL queries from Performance Schema

When optimizing queries and investigating performance issues, MySQL comes with built in support for profiling queries aka SET profiling = 1; . This is already awesome and simple to use, but why the PERFORMANCE_SCHEMA alternative? Because profiling will be removed soon (already deprecated on MySQL 5.6 ad 5.7); the built-in profiling capability can only be enabled per session. This […]

Illustrating Primary Key models in InnoDB and their impact on disk usage

On a recent engagement I worked with a customer who makes extensive use of UUID() values for their Primary Key and stores it as char(36), and their row count on this example table has grown to over 1 billion rows. The table is INSERT-only (no UPDATEs or DELETEs), and the bulk of their retrieval are PK […]

3 handy tools to remove problematic MySQL processes

DBAs often encounter situations where they need to kill queries to ensure there are no long-running queries on a MySQL server that would impact performance. Long-running queries can be the result of many factors. Fortunately, Percona Server contains some handy tools to remove problematic MySQL processes. I will highlight all of the tools via some […]

Hyper-threading – how does it double CPU throughput?

The other day a customer asked me to do capacity planning for their web server farm. I was looking at the CPU graph for one of the web servers that had Hyper-threading switched ON and thought to myself: “This must be quite a misleading graph – it shows 30% CPU usage. It can’t really be […]