October 23, 2014

More on MySQL transaction descriptors optimization

Since my first post on MySQL transaction descriptors optimization introduced in Percona Server 5.5.30-30.2 and a followup by Dimitri Kravchuk, we have received a large number of questions on why the benchmark results in both posts look rather different. We were curious as well, so we tried to answer that question by retrying benchmarks on […]

Using MySQL 5.6 Global Transaction IDs (GTIDs) in production: Q&A

Thank you to all of you who attended my webinar last week about Global Transaction IDs (GTIDs), which were introduced in MySQL 5.6 to make the reconfiguration of replication straightforward. If you missed my webinar, you can still listen to the recording and download the sides (free). We had a lot of questions during the […]

How to use MySQL Global Transaction IDs (GTIDs) in production

Reconfiguring replication has always been a challenge with MySQL. Each time the replication topology has to be changed, the process is tedious and error-prone because finding the correct binlog position is not straightforward at all. Global Transaction IDs (GTIDs) introduced in MySQL 5.6 aim at solving this annoying issue. The idea is quite simple: each […]

Errant transactions: Major hurdle for GTID-based failover in MySQL 5.6

I have previously written about the new replication protocol that comes with GTIDs in MySQL 5.6. Because of this new replication protocol, you can inadvertently create errant transactions that may turn any failover to a nightmare. Let’s see the problems and the potential solutions. In short Errant transactions may cause all kinds of data corruption/replication […]

Repair MySQL 5.6 GTID replication by injecting empty transactions

In a previous post I explained how to repair MySQL 5.6 GTID replication using two different methods. I didn’t mention the famous SET GLOBAL SQL_SLAVE_SKIP_COUNTER = n for a simple reason, it doesn’t work anymore if you are using MySQL GTID. Then the question is: Is there any easy way to skip a single transaction? […]

How to debug long-running transactions in MySQL

Among the many things that can cause a “server stall” is a long-running transaction. If a transaction remains open for a very long time without committing, and has modified data, then other transactions could block and fail with a lock wait timeout. The problem is, it can be very difficult to find the offending code […]

How MySQL Query Cache works with Transactions

As MySQL Manual Says Query Cache works with transactions with Innodb tables but it does not tell you how and with which restrictions. According to my tests it works but it is very restricted and one could expect it to work much better: The result set can be retrieved from query cache (for statements both […]

Landscape of Transactional Storage Engines for MySQL

I finally found a time to publish Landscape of Transactional Storage Engines slides on MySQL Presentations page , this is the talk which we gave on OSCON 2007 and which talks about current state behavior and performance properties of Innodb, Falcon, PBXT and SolidDB Storage Engines.

Innodb transaction history often hides dangerous ‘debt’

In many write-intensive workloads Innodb/XtraDB storage engines you may see hidden and dangerous “debt” being accumulated – unpurged transaction “history” which if not kept in check over time will cause serve performance regression or will take all free space and cause an outage. Let’s talk about where it comes from and what can you do […]

How to avoid hash collisions when using MySQL’s CRC32 function

Percona Toolkit’s  pt-table-checksum performs an online replication consistency check by executing checksum queries on the master, which produces different results on replicas that are inconsistent with the master – and the tool pt-table-sync synchronizes data efficiently between MySQL tables. The tools by default use the CRC32. Other good choices include MD5 and SHA1. If you have installed the FNV_64 user-defined function, pt-table-sync will […]