November 24, 2014

Schema changes in MySQL for OpenStack Trove users

People using OpenStack Trove instances can hit a common issue in the MySQL world: how to perform schema change operations while minimizing the impact on the database server? Let’s explore the options that can allow online schema changes. Summary With MySQL 5.5, pt-online-schema-change from Percona Toolkit is your best option for large tables while regular […]

How a set of queries can be killed in MySQL using Percona Toolkit’s pt-kill

You might have encountered situations where you had to kill some specific select queries that were running for long periods and choking the database. This post will go into more detail with an example of report query offloading. Report query (select) offloading to a slave server is a common practice to reduce the workload of the […]

Data inconsistencies on MySQL replicas: Beyond pt-table-checksum

Percona Toolkit’s pt-table-checksum is a great tool to find data inconsistencies between a MySQL master and its replicas. However it is sometimes not enough to know that there are inconsistencies and let pt-table-sync fix the issue: you may want to know which exact rows are different to identify the statements that created the inconsistency. This […]

How to close POODLE SSLv3 security flaw (CVE-2014-3566)

Padding Oracle On Downgraded Legacy Encryption First off, the naming “convention” as of late for security issues has been terrible. The newest vulnerability (CVE­-2014-3566) is nicknamed POODLE, which at least is an acronym and as per the header above has some meaning. The summary of this issue is that it is much the same as the […]

How to avoid hash collisions when using MySQL’s CRC32 function

Percona Toolkit’s  pt-table-checksum performs an online replication consistency check by executing checksum queries on the master, which produces different results on replicas that are inconsistent with the master – and the tool pt-table-sync synchronizes data efficiently between MySQL tables. The tools by default use the CRC32. Other good choices include MD5 and SHA1. If you have installed the FNV_64 user-defined function, pt-table-sync will […]

MySQL Replication: ‘Got fatal error 1236′ causes and cures

MySQL replication is a core process for maintaining multiple copies of data – and replication is a very important aspect in database administration. In order to synchronize data between master and slaves you need to make sure that data transfers smoothly, and to do so you need to act promptly regarding replication errors to continue […]

Percona Toolkit 2.2.11 for MySQL is now available

Percona is pleased to announce the availability of Percona Toolkit 2.2.11.  Released on Sept. 25, Percona Toolkit is a collection of advanced command-line tools to perform a variety of MySQL server and system tasks that are too difficult or complex for DBAs to perform manually. Percona Toolkit, like all Percona software, is free and open source. This release contains […]

MySQL upgrade best practices

MySQL upgrades are necessary tasks and we field a variety of questions here at Percona Support regarding MySQL upgrade best practices. This post highlights recommended ways to upgrade MySQL in different scenarios. Why are MySQL upgrades needed? The reasons are many and include: Access to new features, performance benefits, bug fixes…. However, MySQL upgrades can […]

MySQL 101: Monitor Disk I/O with pt-diskstats

Here on the Percona Support team we often ask customers to retrieve disk stats to monitor disk IO and to measure block devices iops and latency. There are a number of tools available to monitor IO on Linux. iostat is one of the popular tools and Percona Toolkit, which is free, contains the pt-diskstats tool […]

Galera data on Percona Cloud Tools (and other MySQL monitoring tools)

I was talking with a Percona Support customer earlier this week who was looking for Galera data on Percona Cloud Tools. (Percona Cloud Tools, now in free beta, is a hosted service providing access to query performance insights for all MySQL uses.) The customer mentioned they were already keeping track of some Galera stats on Cacti, and […]