October 22, 2014

Upgrading MySQL

Upgrading MySQL Server is a very interesting task as you can approach it with so much different “depth”. For some this is 15 minutes job for others it is many month projects. Why is that ? Performing MySQL upgrade two things should normally worry you. It is Regressions – functionality regressions when what you’ve been […]

3 ways MySQL uses indexes

I often see people confuse different ways MySQL can use indexing, getting wrong ideas on what query performance they should expect. There are 3 main ways how MySQL can use the indexes for query execution, which are not mutually exclusive, in fact some queries will use indexes for all 3 purposes listed here.

A micro-benchmark of stored routines in MySQL

Ever wondered how fast stored routines are in MySQL? I just ran a quick micro-benchmark to compare the speed of a stored function against a “roughly equivalent” subquery. The idea — and there may be shortcomings that are poisoning the results here, your comments welcome — is to see how fast the SQL procedure code […]

Talking MySQL to Sphinx

In the recently released Sphinx version 0.9.9-rc2 there is a support for MySQL wire protocol and SphinxQL – SQL-like language to query Sphinx indexes. This support is currently in its early preview stage but it is still fun to play with. A thing to mention – unlike MySQL Storage Engines, some of which as InfoBright […]

How Percona does a MySQL Performance Audit

Our customers or prospective customers often ask us how we do a performance audit (it’s our most popular service). I thought I should write a blog post that will both answer their question, so I can just reply “read all about it at this URL” and share our methodology with readers a little bit. This […]

Three ways to know when a MySQL slave is about to start lagging

The trouble with slave lag is that you often can’t see it coming. Especially if the slave’s load is pretty uniform, a slave that’s at 90% of its capacity to keep up with the master can be indistinguishable from one that’s at 5% of its capacity. So how can you tell when your slave is […]

Learning about MySQL Table Fragmentation

Recently I was working with the customer who need quick warmup – to get Innodb table fetched in memory as fast as possible to get good in memory access performance. To do it I run the query: “SELECT count(*) FROM tbl WHERE non_idx_col=0″ I use this particular form of query because it will do full […]

How fast can MySQL Process Data

Reading Barons post about Kickfire Appliance and of course talking to them directly I learned a lot in their product is about beating data processing limitations of current systems. This raises valid question how fast can MySQL process (filter) data using it current architecture ? I decided to test the most simple case – what […]

MySQL File System Fragmentation Benchmarks

Few days ago I wrote about testing writing to many files and seeing how this affects sequential read performance. I was very interested to see how it shows itself with real tables so I’ve got the script and ran tests for MyISAM and Innodb tables on ext3 filesystem. Here is what I found:

Speeding up GROUP BY if you want aproximate results

Doing performance analyzes today I wanted to count how many hits come to the pages which get more than couple of visits per day. We had SQL logs in the database so It was pretty simple query:

Unfortunately this query ran for over half an hour badly overloaded server and I had to kill […]