September 2, 2014

Eventual Consistency in MySQL

We’re told that foreign key constraints are the best way to enforce logical referential integrity (RI) in SQL, preventing rows from becoming orphaned.  But then we learn that the enforcement of foreign keys incurs a significant performance overhead.1,2 MySQL allows us to set FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS=0 to disable enforcement of RI when the overhead is too high.  But […]

Instrumentation and the cost of Foreign Keys

I occasionally get in to light arguments healthy discussions with students about whether or not to use Foreign Key constraints on InnoDB tables.  My standard response has always been: “it depends on how much of a tradeoff you are willing to make for performance. In some situations the cost can be considerable”. .. that’s when […]

MySQL Error Message Nonsenses

What MySQL honestly was never good at is giving good helpful error messages. Start with basics for example – The error message in case of syntax error gives you information about tokens near by but little details:

It would be much better if MySQL would give error give exact position of error (with complex […]

Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.5.34-25.9 is now available

Percona is glad to announce the release of Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.5.34-25.9 on December 4, 2013. Binaries are available from the downloads area or from our software repositories. Based on Percona Server 5.5.34-32.0 including all the bug fixes in it, Galera Replicator and on Codership wsrep API 5.5.34-25.9, Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.5.34-25.9 is now the […]

Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.6.14-25.1 Beta is now available

Percona is glad to announce the first Beta release of Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.6 on November 21st, 2013. Binaries are available from downloads area or from our software repositories. Based on Percona Server 5.6.14-62.0 including all the bug fixes in it, Galera Replicator 3.1 and on Codership wsrep API 5.6.14-25.1 is now the first BETA […]

Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.5.33-23.7.6 is now available

Percona is glad to announce the release of Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.5.33-23.7.6 on September 18, 2013. Binaries are available from the downloads area or from our software repositories. New Features: Default State Snapshot Transfer method, defined in wsrep_sst_method variable has been changed from mysqldump to rsync. New wsrep_reject_queries variable has been implemented that can be […]

Percona Server 5.5.30-30.2 rerelease fixes non-restart issue

In our last 5.5 series release of Percona Server, we included a regression in the RPM packaging that prevented the server from restarting following an upgrade — instead, the server would remain stopped after the upgrade was completed regardless of its state before updating. This caused some problems for some users, especially if automatic upgrading was configured […]

On Character Sets and Disappearing Tables

The MySQL manual tells us that regardless of whether or not we use “SET FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS=0″ before making schema changes, InnoDB will not allow a column referenced by a foreign key constraint to be modified in such a way that the foreign key will reference a column with a mismatched data type. For instance, if we […]

InnoDB’s gap locks

One of the most important features of InnoDB is the row level locking. This feature provides better concurrency under heavy write load but needs additional precautions to avoid phantom reads and to get a consistent Statement based replication. To accomplish that, row level locking databases also acquire gap locks. What is a Phantom Read A […]

Improved InnoDB fast index creation

One of the serious limitations in the fast index creation feature introduced in the InnoDB plugin is that it only works when indexes are explicitly created using ALTER TABLE or CREATE INDEX. Peter has already blogged about it before, here I’ll just briefly reiterate other cases that might benefit from that feature: when ALTER TABLE […]