October 31, 2014

How to syntax-check your my.cnf file

For a long time I’ve used a little trick to check whether there are syntax errors in a server’s my.cnf file. I do this when I need to shut down and restart the server, and I’ve either made changes to the file, or I’m worried that someone else has done so. I don’t want to […]

How to pretty-print my.cnf with a one-liner

When I’m looking at a server, I often want to see the /etc/my.cnf file nicely formatted, and with comments stripped. This Perl one-liner will pretty-print the file:

The ultimate tool for generating optimal my.cnf files for MySQL

There are quite a few “tuning primers” and “my.cnf generators” and “sample my.cnf files” online. The ultimate tool for generating an optimal my.cnf is not a tool. It’s a human with many years of experience, deep knowledge of MySQL and the full application stack, and familiarity with your application and your data. I don’t know […]

Percona XtraDB Cluster: How to run a 2-node cluster on a single server

I reckon there’s little sense in running 2 or more Percona XtraDB Cluster (PXC) nodes in a single physical server other than for educational and testing purposes – but doing so is still useful in those cases. The most popular way of achieving this seems to be with server virtualization, such as making use of Vagrant boxes. […]

Percona Toolkit for MySQL with MySQL-SSL Connections

I recently had a client ask me how to use Percona Toolkit tools with an SSL connection to MySQL (MySQL-SSL). SSL connections aren’t widely used in MySQL due to most installations being within an internal network. Still, there are cases where you could be accessing MySQL over public internet or even over a public “private” […]

MySQL Replication: ‘Got fatal error 1236′ causes and cures

MySQL replication is a core process for maintaining multiple copies of data – and replication is a very important aspect in database administration. In order to synchronize data between master and slaves you need to make sure that data transfers smoothly, and to do so you need to act promptly regarding replication errors to continue […]

Percona Toolkit 2.2.11 for MySQL is now available

Percona is pleased to announce the availability of Percona Toolkit 2.2.11.  Released on Sept. 25, Percona Toolkit is a collection of advanced command-line tools to perform a variety of MySQL server and system tasks that are too difficult or complex for DBAs to perform manually. Percona Toolkit, like all Percona software, is free and open source. This release contains […]

MySQL upgrade best practices

MySQL upgrades are necessary tasks and we field a variety of questions here at Percona Support regarding MySQL upgrade best practices. This post highlights recommended ways to upgrade MySQL in different scenarios. Why are MySQL upgrades needed? The reasons are many and include: Access to new features, performance benefits, bug fixes…. However, MySQL upgrades can […]

Multi-Valued INSERTs, AUTO_INCREMENT & Percona XtraDB Cluster

A common migration path from standalone MySQL/Percona Server to a Percona XtraDB Cluster (PXC) environment involves some measure of time where one node in the new cluster has been configured as a slave of the production master that the cluster is slated to replace. In this way, the new cluster acts as a slave of […]

Galera replication – how to recover a PXC cluster

Galera replication for MySQL brings not only the new, great features to our ecosystem, but also introduces completely new maintenance techniques. Are you concerned about adding such new complexity to your MySQL environment? Perhaps that concern is unnecessarily. I am going to present here some simple tips that hopefully will let fresh Galera users prevent […]