September 16, 2014

Some little known facts about Innodb Insert Buffer

Despite being standard Innodb feature forever Insert Buffers remains some kind of mysterious thing for a lot of people, so let me try to explain thing a little bit. Innodb uses insert buffer to “cheat” and not to update index leaf pages when at once but “buffer” such updates so several updates to the same […]

Innodb Performance Optimization Basics

Note: There is an updated post on this topic here. Interviewing people for our Job Openings I like to ask them a basic question – if you have a server with 16GB of RAM which will be dedicated for MySQL with large Innodb database using typical Web workload what settings you would adjust and interestingly […]

MyISAM Scalability and Innodb, Falcon Benchmarks

We many times wrote about InnoDB scalability problems, this time We are faced with one for MyISAM tables. We saw that several times in synthetic benchmarks but never in production, that’s why we did not escalate MyISAM scalability question. This time working on the customer system we figured out that box with 1 CPU Core […]

Using CHAR keys for joins, how much is the overhead ?

I prefer to use Integers for joins whenever possible and today I worked with client which used character keys, in my opinion without a big need. I told them this is suboptimal but was challenged with rightful question about the difference. I did not know so I decided to benchmark. The results below are for […]

Innodb Recovery Update – The tricks what failed.

As I wrote we had been recovering corrupted Innodb Tablespace and it is finally done now. As this was over than 1TB worth of data we really tried to avoid dumping the data and find some other way to recovery. Examining Innodb page content and crash information we figured out it should be page of […]

MySQL Optimizer and Innodb Primary Key

Innodb primary key is special in many senses and I was always wondering how well MySQL is integrated with Innodb to take advantage of these special features. Lets see which things work and which things do not:

Long PRIMARY KEY for Innodb tables

I’ve written and spoke a lot about using short PRIMARY KEYs with Innodb tables due to the fact all other key will refer to the rows by primary key. I also recommended to use sequential primary keys so you do not end up having random primary key BTREE updates which can be very expensive. Today […]

Join performance of MyISAM and Innodb

We had discussion today which involved benchmarks of Join speed for MyISAM and Innodb storage engines for CPU bound workload, this is when data size is small enough to fit in memory and so buffer pool. I tested very simple table, having with about 20.000 rows in it on 32bit Linux. The columns “id” “i” […]

Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.5.39-25.11 is now available

Percona is glad to announce the new release of Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.5 on September 5th 2014. Binaries are available from downloads area or from our software repositories. Based on Percona Server 5.5.39-36.0 including all the bug fixes in it, Galera Replicator 2.11, and on Codership wsrep API 25.11, Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.5.39-25.11 is now […]

Examining the TokuDB MySQL storage engine file structure

As we know different storage engines in MySQL have different file structures. Every table in MySQL 5.6 must have a .frm file in the database directory matching the table name. But where the rest of the data resides depends on the storage engine. For MyISAM we have .MYI and .MYD files in the database directory […]