October 25, 2014

Possible optimization for sort_merge and UNION ORDER BY LIMIT

Every so often you need to perform sort results retrieved from MySQL when your WHERE clause goes beyound col=const values which would allow MySQL to still use second portion of the index for the order by. Ranges as well as IN lists make this optimization impossible, not even speaking about index merge optimization. Lets look […]

Content delivery system design mistakes

This week I helped dealing with performance problems (part MySQL related and part related to LAMP in general) of system which does quite a bit of content delivery, serving file downloads and images – something a lot of web sites need to do these days. There were quite a bit of mistakes in design for […]

MySQL: Followup on UNION for query optimization, Query profiling

Few days ago I wrote an article about using UNION to implement loose index scan. First I should mention double IN also works same way so you do not have to use the union. So changing query to:

So as you see there are really different types of ranges in MySQL. IN range allows […]

Percona XtraDB Cluster: How to run a 2-node cluster on a single server

I reckon there’s little sense in running 2 or more Percona XtraDB Cluster (PXC) nodes in a single physical server other than for educational and testing purposes – but doing so is still useful in those cases. The most popular way of achieving this seems to be with server virtualization, such as making use of Vagrant boxes. […]

Innodb transaction history often hides dangerous ‘debt’

In many write-intensive workloads Innodb/XtraDB storage engines you may see hidden and dangerous “debt” being accumulated – unpurged transaction “history” which if not kept in check over time will cause serve performance regression or will take all free space and cause an outage. Let’s talk about where it comes from and what can you do […]

How to close POODLE SSLv3 security flaw (CVE-2014-3566)

Padding Oracle On Downgraded Legacy Encryption First off, the naming “convention” as of late for security issues has been terrible. The newest vulnerability (CVE­-2014-3566) is nicknamed POODLE, which at least is an acronym and as per the header above has some meaning. The summary of this issue is that it is much the same as the […]

Rackspace doubling-down on open-source databases, Percona Server

Founded in 1998, Rackspace has evolved over the years to address the way customers are using data – and more specifically, databases. The San Antonio-based company is fueling the adoption of cloud computing among organizations large and small. Today Rackspace is doubling down on open source database technologies. Why? Because that’s where the industry is […]

HAProxy: Give me some logs on CentOS 6.5!

HAProxy is frequently used as a load-balancer in front of a Galera cluster. While diagnosing an issue with HAProxy configuration, I realized that logging doesn’t work out of the box on CentOS 6.5. Here is a simple recipe to fix the issue. If you look at the top of /etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg, you will see something like: […]

‘Bash Bug’ giving you Shellshock? CVE-2014-6271 update

The media train is in full steam today over the the CVE-2014-6271 programming flaw, better known as the “Bash Bug” or “Shellshock” – the original problem was disclosed on Wednesday via this post. Firstly this issue exploits bash environment variables in order to execute arbitrary commands; a simple check for this per the Red Hat […]

Logical MySQL backup tool mydumper 0.6.2 now available

We are pleased to announce the third release in the 0.6 series of mydumper, a tool for performing logical MySQL backups. In this release, we focused on simplifying compiling the code and added new features for making logical backups. These new features include enhancements to AWS RDS support and extending TokuDB support. Due to recent changes (or […]