September 20, 2014

Generating test data for MySQL tables

One of the common tasks requested by our support customers is to optimize slow queries. We normally ask for the table structure(s), the problematic query and sample data to be able to reproduce the problem and resolve it by modifying the query, table structure, or global/session variables. Sometimes, we are given access to the server […]

How to start a Percona XtraDB Cluster

Before version 5.5.28 of Percona XtraDB Cluster, the easiest way was to join the cluster using wsrep_urls in [mysqld_safe] section of my.cnf. So with a cluster of 3 nodes like this : node1 = 192.168.1.1 node2 = 192.168.1.2 node3 = 192.168.1.3 we defined the setting like this :

With that line above in my.cnf […]

Timezone and pt-table-checksum

I recently worked through an issue with a client trying to detect data drift across some servers that were located in different timezones.  Unfortunately, several of the tables had timestamp fields and were set to a default value of CURRENT_TIMESTAMP.  From the manual, here is how MySQL handles timezone locality with timestamp fields: Values for TIMESTAMP columns are […]

Debugging sleeping connections with MySQL

Have you ever seen connection in the SHOW PROCESSLIST output which is in “Sleep” state for a long time and you have no idea why this would happen ? I see if frequently with web applications and it is often indication of trouble. Not only it means you may run out of MySQL connections quicker […]