November 26, 2014

Intel 320 SSD read performance

(this is cross-post from http://www.percona.com/blog/)
While PCI-e Flash cards show great performance, I am often asked about alternatives, as price for PCI-e cards is still significant and not acceptable for small companies and startups.

Intel 320 SSD appears to be a popular drive with a quite acceptable price.
I wrote about write performance of these cards, and now let’s take look on a random read workload.

I used a Cisco UCS C250 as base hardware, comparing in it:

  • regular RAID10 over 8 SAS 2.5 disks
  • single Intel 320 SSD directly attached to a HighPoint RocketRAID 2300
  • two Intel 320 SSD in hardware RAID0 mode, attached to a LSI SAS9211-4i controller

For simulating the workload I used sysbench’s fileio random reads. Scripts and raw results available on Launchpad.

Let’s see throughput results:

Throughput, MiB/sec (more is better)
threadsIntel 320Intel 320 2 stripRAID10ratio Intel 320 / RAID10ratio Intel 320 2 strip / RAID10
130.2731.183.758.078.31
255.1860.496.987.918.67
495.13112.8512.107.869.33
8143.58191.6419.057.5410.06
16174.75277.7026.706.5410.40
32174.60351.8432.905.3110.69

And response times:

95% response time, ms (less is better)
threadsIntel 320 SSDIntel 320 SSD stripRAIDratio RAID/Intel 320ratio RAID/Intel 320 strip
10.530.566.1311.5710.95
20.720.597.2710.1012.32
40.890.7410.0711.3113.61
81.240.9515.6312.6016.45
161.761.3825.5214.5018.49
323.332.1547.3514.2222.02

As conclusion, this card provides great read performance. A single card provides 5-8x better throughput and 10-14x better response time. Striping helps to increase throughput in 8-10x and response time in 10-22x.

While there are questions about write performance (see my previous post), I think this card is very suitable for read-intensive tasks, where you can expect significant improvements.




About Vadim Tkachenko

Vadim leads Percona's development group, which produces Percona Clould Tools, the Percona Server, Percona XraDB Cluster and Percona XtraBackup. He is an expert in solid-state storage, and has helped many hardware and software providers succeed in the MySQL market.

Comments

  1. Dathan,

    Fixed, thanks.

  2. Will Gunty says:

    Vadim,

    You mention this as an alternative to PCI-E cards. How do they compare, performance-wise, to these SSDs?

  3. George says:

    Thanks for the benchmark results, would be interesting to see how your 160GB Intel 320 SSD compares with the faster and higher capacity 300GB and 600GB Intel 320 SSD models which on random writes is slightly faster at 23K IOPS vs 21K IOPS and write sequential speed is at 205-220MB/s vs 160GB model’s 165MB/s http://www.anandtech.com/show/4244/intel-ssd-320-review

  4. Vadim,

    I wonder how it compares to FusionIO and Virident from the top side ?

    Also you did not specify the block size you used ? Is this standard sysbench with 16KB block ?

  5. Peter,

    it is 16K block size.
    I have data for FusionIO 320GB MLC, just need to prepare report.
    As for numbers for FusionIO:

    8 threads: ~250 MiB/sec
    16 threads: 300 MiB/sec
    32 threads: 450 MiB/sec
    64 threads: 500 MiB/sec

    However it is interesting, as for some threads I have *unstable* results for read-only workloads with FusionIO.

  6. Will,

    you can find some results there
    http://www.percona.com/blog/2011/06/fusionio-320gb-mlc-random-write-performance/
    http://www.percona.com/blog/2011/06/intel-320-ssd-random-write-performance/

    While you consider only raw performance, SATA cards may not look as alternative, but you should consider price also. For many users $10K+ for PCI-E cards is out of budget range, while 300-500$ for Intel 320 SSD is acceptable.

  7. Jestep says:

    On a comparative question, I’m not clear on why a RAID 10 would be compared to a single drive or RAID 0 SSD array, unless it’s just a baseline for standard RAID performance.

    RAID 10 is pretty much the preferred RAID method as far as real world spinning drive implementation goes, but I’m not sure I would trust a single drive SSD much more than I would trust a standard single drive, moving parts or not. It seems intuitive that SSD would stomp any traditional setup but neither of these seem like a failure proof setup to be comparing with.

  8. David Zotter says:

    ….just for fun, can you graph out the Fusion IO to show relative performance?

  9. Unfortunately the high cost of SSD doesn’t take advantage of the covenant in speed. Interesting comparison, the speed and volume of record described http://www.xtremesystems.org/forums/showthread.php?271063-SSD-Write-Endurance-25nm-Vs-34nm

  10. Texar says:

    Hi,

    i am just wondering wether you can have a better performance and/or a more reliable system by using SSD raid 1 or 5. Do you already have tested some kind of raid 1/raid 5 array with SSD?

    Regards

  11. abhijith says:

    I tried to compare performance of mysql for reading data from ssd vs hdd . I used simple queries like ” select * from …” for records ranging from 10 to 2 lacs . I found the results quite unsatisfactory to general opinion that ssd gives very high read performance .

    For records less than 100 I found on an average of 20 % increase in performance of ssd over hdd . But when records are higher than 1000 there was only upto 2-3% increase in performance of ssd over hdd .

    Why does it happen ? Am i doing something wrong ? Or is it expected result

    I developed it using c# ado.net and mysql as backend .

    Hardware details

    i7 3630 2.4 GHz core processor , 8 gb ram , 64 bit os . 1 TB samsung HDD , 64 gb samsung rbx series ssd .

    Please let me know

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